April 10, 1933: President Franklin Roosevelt created the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), a public work relief program which put Americans to work on environmentally related projects. Created during the depths of the Great Depression, the CCC, which lasted until 1942, employed more than 3 million Americans. Among other things, they planted an estimated 3 billion trees, built wildlife refuges, soil erosion controls, and constructed facilities at more than 800 parks. At any given time, some 300,000 people were employed, and were given food, clothing, and shelter. Their wages were $30 a month, $25 of which had to be sent home to their families. The Civilian Conservation Corps is regarded as one of the cornerstones of President Roosevelt's New Deal; it was wound down in 1942, after the United States entered World War II against Germany and Japan, and needed labor for the war effort.
Quote of the day
"The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself." — Franklin D. Roosevelt
More from West Wing Reports...
THE WEEK'S AUDIOPHILE PODCASTS: LISTEN SMARTER
- How Ronald Reagan turned America into a nation of children
- Why Mitt Romney is perfectly poised for a comeback in 2016
- The Nazi smart bomb that inspired China's most dangerous weapon
- The crusade against Iraq War supporters has forgotten someone: Hillary Clinton
- 8 things the world's most extraordinary survivors can teach you about resilience
- This week I learned the moon might be littered with dinosaur fossils, and more
- Why scientists can't kill HIV
- Why is the West so afraid of Islam?
- Here's the schedule very successful people follow every day
- How to make classic pulled pork
Subscribe to the Week