On this day. 1789: At New York's Federal Hall in lower Manhattan, George Washington was sworn in as the first president of the United States. Washington was a reluctant president. At the age of 57, he wanted to stay retired. But he feared political factions were tearing the nation apart, and agreed to serve. He would serve two terms in office before retiring for good in 1798. New York City, was of course, the capital of the United States at that time.
On this day. 1939: Attending the New York World's Fair, Franklin Roosevelt became the first president to appear on TV.
On this day. 1970: President Richard Nixon announced that U.S. troops were invading Cambodia — used by North Vietnam to wage war on South Vietnam. Nixon's public announcement came after a year of Cambodian bombing that the administration tried to keep quiet. The invasion of Cambodia widened the public split over Vietnam. Some 4 million students protested; four were killed at Ohio's Kent State University.
Quote of the day
"Those who trust to chance must abide by the results of chance." -Calvin Coolidge
More from West Wing Reports...
- How does chocolate milk stack up as a sports drink?
- How did Love Actually become so controversial? A theory
- Cul-de-sacs are killing America
- Diagnosing the Home Alone burglars' injuries: A professional weighs in
- The 10 worst-reviewed movies of 2013
- The last racial taboo
- How the Great Recession has changed the way we shop — even during the holidays
- Why Republicans shouldn't get too excited over Obama's stumbles
- TIME chose Pope Francis as its Person of the Year. And it was the perfect choice for the Upworthy era.
- 7 enduring lessons from It's a Wonderful Life
Subscribe to the Week