After more than a year of deadly conflict in Syria, President Bashar al-Assad agreed Tuesday to a six-point peace plan drafted by U.N. special envoy Kofi Annan. Annan hailed the move as an important first step, but conceded that he faces a "long and difficult task" in ending the fighting — after all, the deal doesn't require Assad to step down. Here, a guide to the peace plan, and what could happen next:
What exactly is in this peace plan?
Under the deal, Syria agrees to six things: (1) Work with Annan to "address the legitimate aspirations and concerns of the Syrian people"; (2) Stop the fighting, and the use of heavy weapons in populated areas, with the intention to end all violence; (3) Allow a two-hour daily pause in other fighting to allow humanitarian aid and evacuation of the injured; (4) Release more prisoners that the regime has "arbitrarily detained"; (5) Allow journalists to work in the country freely; and (6) Respect "the right to demonstrate peacefully."
How much of this will Assad actually do?
While former U.N. Secretary General Annan sees Syria's agreement as a crucial step, some Western diplomats remain skeptical. "We have to remain cautious," Peter Wittig, Germany's ambassador to the U.N. tells Bloomberg. Syria has a history of "credibility gaps." Indeed, even as Syria agreed to the deal, troops loyal to President Assad crossed into Lebanon to fight rebels who had taken refuge there. Assad also visited the city of Homs, where his forces have recently taken control, to make the point that he can now tour the streets of "the once bitterly fought-over district."
And Assad won't resign?
It doesn't look like it, particularly because Annan's deal focuses far more on saving civilian lives. More than 9,000 people have been killed in the uprising, and as Syrian National Council spokeswoman Basma Kodmani tells the BBC: That has to stop. "We would like to see protection of civilians," says Kodmani. "If there is a possibility even of two hours of truce to begin with, I think we welcome that, and we will certainly work to make that succeed."
THE WEEK'S AUDIOPHILE PODCASTS: LISTEN SMARTER
- It's official: The religious right is calling it quits
- 43 TV shows to watch in 2014
- 6 tiny scientific mistakes that created huge disasters
- How science is accelerating our search for alien life
- Obama just kneecapped Jeb Bush and Chris Christie's 2016 prospects
- The dangerously childish morality of liberal ObamaCare supporters
- Inside Turkey's shadow war with ISIS
- How to be the most productive person in your office — and still get home by 5:30 p.m.
- The Hunger Games: Mockingjay — Part 1: 10 major differences between the book and the movie
- 10 classic Sesame Street moments we wouldn't show today's kids
Subscribe to the Week