aine and Maryland on Tuesday became the first states to approve same-sex marriage in statewide votes. The controversial issue had been put to the test at the ballot box 32 times before, and got rejected every time. Public opinion has been shifting in favor of gay marriage since 2008, when California amended its constitution, which had reserved marriage for heterosexual couples only. In 2010, a poll found that a majority of Americans supported same-sex marriage for the first time, and President Obama added his support in May. "When the history books are written, 2012 will be remembered as the year when LGBT Americans won decisively at the ballot box," said Chad Griffin, president of the Human Rights Campaign.
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