When President Obama fielded a question at his Tuesday press conference on the hunger strikes at the U.S. prison camp at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, "a lot of people listening or reading the transcript had to do either a major memory retrieval or some quick research," says Ed Kilgore at Washington Monthly. "Gitmo? Oh yeah, Gitmo."
Here's a brief refresher: Obama campaigned on closing Guantanamo in 2008, and one of his first acts as president was an executive order to close the prison camp within a year. "To do so, however, detainees must be transferred or released," says the National Security Network. But "after an initial round of transfers, other nations proved reluctant to accept detainees unless some were accepted by the U.S. itself for trial or resettlement." Congress stepped in and blocked Obama from transferring any prisoners to U.S. soil.
On Tuesday, Obama mentioned that "Congress determined that they would not let us close it and despite the fact that there are a number of the folks who are currently in Guantanamo who the courts have said could be returned to their country of origin or potentially a third country." He then pledged a renewed push to close the Cuban facility:
I think it is critical for us to understand that Guantanamo is not necessary to keep America safe. It is expensive. It is inefficient. It hurts us in terms of our international standing. It lessens cooperation with our allies on counterterrorism efforts. It is a recruitment tool for extremists. It needs to be closed.... I'm going to go back at this. I've asked my team to review everything that's currently being done in Guantanamo, everything that we can do administratively, and I'm going to re-engage with Congress to try to make the case that this is not something that's in the best interests of the American people.
And it's not sustainable. I mean, the notion that we're going to continue to keep over a hundred individuals in a no man's land in perpetuity, even at a time when we've wound down the war in Iraq, we're winding down the war in Afghanistan, we're having success defeating al-Qaeda core, we've kept the pressure up on all these transnational terrorist networks, when we've transferred detention authority in Afghanistan — the idea that we would still maintain forever a group of individuals who have not been tried — that is contrary to who we are, it is contrary to our interests, and it needs to stop. [Obama, via The Washington Post]
Obama "was eloquent Tuesday in describing why the situation at the Guantanamo Bay prison is 'unsustainable,'" says The Washington Post in an editorial. And "he was justified in blaming Congress for frustrating his effort to close the facility." But at the same time, Obama was "disingenuous in failing to acknowledge that his own actions — or his own inaction — have substantially contributed" to Gitmo staying open, the editorial states.
Of the 166 prisoners still at Guantanamo, 86 were cleared for transfer to their home countries three years ago, but Obama himself placed a moratorium on repatriating detainees to Yemen — 56 are green-lighted — after an underwear bombing attempt in late 2010. And his State Department in January reassigned the top official in charge of finding other countries to take detainees; Obama has yet to refill the position.
"For the prison to close, lawmakers would have to lift a ban on transferring prisoners to the United States," says the Post editorial. But the president can do more than he's doing even without Congress, and "what is needed above all is genuine political commitment from Mr. Obama.... That resistance may be, as he argued yesterday, unreasonable; but it won't be overcome if the president doesn't make it a priority."
"Obama does need Congress' help to close Gitmo," says Marcy Wheeler at Emptywheel. He also needs Congress to "to try the actual terrorists in civilian courts," rather than the failing military tribunals. "But most of the detainees at Gitmo won't ever be tried in civilian courts, either because they were tortured so badly they couldn't be tried without also admitting we tortured them (and, presumably, try the torturers), or because we don't have a case against them," says Wheeler.
The amount that Obama is doing "in terms of work to close the prison or further whittle down its population, appears to be: Not much," says Politico's Josh Gerstein. But that doesn't mean that the clock isn't ticking. "Some advocates said that, in addition to the hunger strike, there's another factor that may be driving Obama to pick up the issue again: Legal questions about whether an end to the war in Afghanistan will undercut the basis for holding any of the Guantanamo prisoners without trial."
That was the opinion of now-former Pentagon General Counsel Jeh Johnson, and some analysts think the warning will spur Obama to action. "Assuming the president wants to keep his word and pull the troops out of Afghanistan by the end of 2014, that thread is beginning to wear a little thin," Morris Davis, a former chief military prosecutor at Gitmo, tells Politico. "It seems now that with Obama in his second term and no re-election to worry about, Guantanamo may not be back on the front burner but is at least back on the stove."
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