May 6, 1933: President Franklin Roosevelt created the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The WPA put three million people to work in return for giving them financial assistance. FDR was opposed to welfare for people who were able to work. Those getting assistance were required to help build schools, roads, and hospitals; others restored theaters, wrote plays, etc. Congressional opponents of the WPA scaled it back over time; it was suspended during World War II, when the U.S. economy quickly returned to full employment.
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