Aug. 19, 1919: President Woodrow Wilson appeared before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He urged lawmakers to support the Versailles Treaty, which ended World War I. Wilson also went before the Senate itself, urging it to approve the treaty, and the League of Nations, a predecessor to the United Nations. The Senate rejected the treaty, a crushing blow to the president. Wilson campaigned nationwide for his proposals. He suffered a paralyzing stroke and never functioned effectively as president again.
First Lady Edith Wilson, fiercely protective of her husband, shielded him from lawmakers and the press for the remaining 17 months of his term.
Aug. 19, 1946: Bill Clinton was born. He was the 42nd president, serving between 1993 and 2001.
Aug. 19, 1953: President Dwight Eisenhower authorized a CIA-backed coup in Iran. It succeeded and a pro-American regime was installed. The U.S.-backed coup in still sticks in the craw of some Iranians — who say after six decades Washington is still meddling in their internal affairs.
Quote of the day
"We are all in this together. If we have no sense of community, the American dream will wither." — Bill Clinton
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