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Today in history: August 29
In 1945, President Truman began demobilizing the military in the wake of Japan's surrender
American troops in France read news of the Japanese surrender in August 1945.
American troops in France read news of the Japanese surrender in August 1945. Keystone/Getty Images

Aug. 29, 1945: Two weeks after Japan's surrender in WWII, President Truman issued an executive order allowing voluntary military enlistment. Truman also ordered the Navy to seize control of oil refineries, to head off a planned strike by civilian workers. The president knew it would take an enormous amount of oil to help the military demobilize as the war came to an end.

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