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Our favorite regional words from waaaay Northern Michigan
Holy wah! To make it in the U.P., you've gotta have sisu.
 
You'll need to take the Big Mac to get to the U.P.
You'll need to take the Big Mac to get to the U.P. (Found Image Press/Corbis)

Merriam-Webster recently announced that it was finally putting "Yooper" in the dictionary. What's a Yooper, you ask? Why someone from the U.P., of course. What's the U.P.? The Upper Peninsula, what's wrong with you!

The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is connected to the rest of the state by only one little four-lane bridge (okay, actually the longest suspension bridge in the western hemisphere), and in its relative isolation, has developed its own distinct culture. Here are nine other words it might be good to know if you ever decide to pay a visit to Yooperland.

1. HOLY WAH!
The Yooper version of "Holy cow," "whoa," or "duuuude" depending on the intonation.

2. PANK
To pat something down to make it more compact. You'll want to pank down the snow real good if you aim to make a sturdy snow fort.

3. BIG MAC
The Mackinac Bridge. The one that connects the U.P. to the "mitten" that makes up the rest of Michigan, and that brings all the tourists up in the summer.

4. SISU
Many of the settlers of the U.P. came from Finland, and some useful Finnish vocabulary has made its way into the dialect. Sisu is a Finnish word for grim, hardy perseverance. To make it through a winter up there, you've got to have sisu.

5. TOIVO AND EINO
A pair of Finnish names that refer to the lovable, hapless characters that are the basis for a whole genre of Yooper jokes, such as:
Toivo and Eino decide to head down to Motor City. After they cross the bridge they see a sign that says DETROIT LEFT. So they turn around and go home.

6. CHUKE
A basic knit winter hat. Comes from the French-Canadian word toque.

7. CHOPPERS
Deer skin mittens with a wool insert.

8. SWAMPERS
Rubber boots to be worn in muddy terrain. Go well with choppers and a chuke.

9. TROLL
Someone from the lower part of Michigan. Cause they live under the bridge, doncha know.

 
Arika Okrent is editor-at-large at TheWeek.com and a frequent contributor to Mental Floss. She is the author of In the Land of Invented Languages, a history of the attempt to build a better language. She holds a doctorate in linguistics and a first-level certification in Klingon.

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