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Today in history: The nomination of the Supreme Court's first female justice
In 1981, President Reagan nominated Sandra Day O'Connor
 
Sandra Day O'Connor testifying at a judicial hearing, September 1981.
Sandra Day O'Connor testifying at a judicial hearing, September 1981. Hulton Archive/Getty Images

July 7, 1898: President McKinley signed a resolution that annexed Hawaii as a U.S. territory.

July 7, 1958: President Eisenhower signed a bill approving Alaskan statehood. Alaska had been a U.S. territory since its purchase from the Russians in 1867. The U.S. paid just $7.2 million, or 2.3 cents an acre.

July 7, 1981: President Reagan nominated Sandra Day O'Connor to be the first female justice on the Supreme Court. She was Reagan's first appointee to the high court. O'Connor generally sided with the court's conservative bloc, but as the court edged to the right over the years, she often came to be regarded as a swing vote. She retired in 2005 and was replaced by another conservative, Samuel Alito.

Quote of the Day

“The right thing to do never requires any subterfuge. It is always simple and direct.” -Calvin Coolidge

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