Feb. 11, 1945: President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin signed the Yalta agreement, which shaped postwar Europe. The agreement quickly became controversial, as it allowed the Soviet Union to spread communism across a series of satellite states in Eastern Europe. Germany, originally divided into four portions controlled by the U.S., Britain, France, and the Soviet Union, quickly became West and East Germany and the Cold War was on.

Feb. 11, 1953: President Eisenhower denied clemency for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were executed for passing atomic secrets to the Soviets.

Quote of the Day

"There is nothing stable but heaven and the Constitution.” — James Buchanan

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