Jan. 16, 1833: President Andrew Jackson waded into a battle over states' rights, ordering force be used to collect tariffs in South Carolina. South Carolina said the tariffs were too high; some historians say the little-known spat eventually helped spark the Civil War.

Jan. 16, 1991: President Bush announced the start of Operation Desert Storm, a U.S.-led military coalition formed to push Iraq out of Kuwait. Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein had invaded Kuwait the previous August; Bush quickly said, "This will not stand." After a bombing campaign and a 100-hour ground war, Bush ordered an end to hostilities. The U.S. did not occupy Iraq itself in 1991; Defense Secretary Cheney said it wasn't worth the casualties or "getting bogged down."

Quote of the Day

"One great object of the Constitution was to restrain majorities from oppressing minorities or encroaching upon their just rights." — James K. Polk

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