September 27, 1938: With war looming in Europe, President Roosevelt wrote to Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, appealing for peace. FDR was worried about German threats to invade a part of Czechoslovakia called the Sudetenland; but Hitler scoffed publicly at FDR's letter. Hitler soon annexed the Sudetenland, and in March 1939 all of Czechoslovakia itself.

September 27, 1991: With the Cold War essentially over, President Bush ordered the Pentagon to take B-52 bombers off their full-time alert. Bush also ordered some 2,400 short-range land & sea-based nuclear weapons eliminated, a move he said could save $2 billion a year.

Quote of the Day

"As to the Presidency, the two happiest days of my life were those of my entrance upon the office & my surrender of it." — Martin Van Buren

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