July 31, 1875: Andrew Johnson died. He was the 17th president, serving from 1865 to 1869. Johnson, who succeeded Abraham Lincoln after Lincoln's assassination, became the first president to be impeached. The House voted to do so on 11 counts of trying to illegally remove Secretary of War Edwin Stanton from office and for violating several post-war Reconstruction Acts. The House also accused the president of hurling libelous "inflammatory and scandalous harangues" against Congressional members.

In a dramatic Senate trial, Johnson was acquitted by just one vote. Bill Clinton is the only other president to be impeached.

Quote of the Day

"The goal to strive for is a poor government but a rich people." –Andrew Johnson

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