On This Day. 1948: President Harry Truman issued Executive Order No. 9981 directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military. The order came two years to the day after he ordered the military to be desegregated.

On This Day. 1990: President George H.W. Bush signed the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA). Bush said that despite the Civil Rights Act of 1964, people with disabilities were still victims of segregation and discrimination. It gave the same protections to the disabled as were given to others in 1964, which outlawed discrimination based on race, religion, sex or national origin. The ADA covers employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments, and applies to employment agencies and labor unions. It provides for compensatory and punitive damages for discriminatory practices against people with disabilities. In signing the law, Bush invoked the Declaration of Independence, saying, "Today’s legislation brings us closer to that day when no Americans will ever again be deprived of their basic guarantees of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."

Quote of the Day

"Next in importance to freedom and justice is popular education, without which neither freedom nor justice can be permanently maintained." -James A. Garfield

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