In the survey, released Wednesday, 55 percent of respondents said Snowden is "more of a whistle-blower" than a traitor, while only 34 percent viewed him as "more of a traitor." The public's "verdict that Snowden is not a traitor goes against almost the unified view of the nation's political establishment," says Quinnipiac's Peter Brown. And surprisingly, it transcends party, gender, income, education, age, and income group.
What's more, Quinnipiac recorded a pretty dramatic shift in Americans' views on the trade-off between security and privacy, in a way Snowden would appreciate: 45 percent say government anti-terrorism policies "have gone too far in restricting the average person's civil liberties," while 40 percent say the policies "have not gone far enough to adequately protect the country." When Quinnipiac asked the same question in 2010, respondents said government policies didn't go far enough, by a 63 percent to 25 percent margin.
Snowden may or may not care about this poll, but The Guardian's Glenn Greenwald, who published many of Snowden's leaks, is clearly happy about it. The survey shows that "Americans, by a large margin, have positive views of Snowden's actions despite all the demonization" from the "the U.S. government, its establishment press, and both political parties," he says. The American people "seem to have reached a much different conclusion than the one prepared for and fed to them."
Maybe, says Nate Silver at The New York Times. The Quinnipiac questions about civil liberties and anti-terrorism give us meaningful data, but "I'm not sure that the one about Mr. Snowden tells us very much." For example, the survey describes Snowden as "the national security consultant who released information to the media about the phone scanning program."
However, Mr. Snowden has also released information to the news media about other N.S.A. activities, such as those it has conducted in China. Some Americans may be pleased by Mr. Snowden's disclosures about how the N.S.A. conducted surveillance against U.S. citizens — but displeased that he has also disclosed details about its international surveillance. The Quinnipiac poll should probably have described a fuller spectrum of the information that Mr. Snowden has released. [New York Times]
The other big problem with the poll, says Katy Steinmetz at TIME, is that it didn't "provide a third option for the middle ground, like 'leaker' or 'sorry, Quinnipiac, neither of those quite fits.'" There's a wide gulf between "traitor" and "whistle-blower," and most public opinion probably fits inside it.
Other recent surveys have shown more ambiguity over Snowden. A June 17-18 Rasmussen poll found that 21 percent of respondents saw Snowden as a traitor, 12 percent said he is a "heroic whistle-blower," 29 percent said it's too early to tell, while the biggest number — 34 percent — said Snowden falls "somewhere in between" hero and villain. A June 11-13 CNN/ORC International poll found that 52 percent of Americans disapproved of Snowden's actions, versus 44 percent who approved.
We seem equally conflicted about the NSA programs revealed by Snowden. In the same Quinnipiac poll that found a plurality of Americans believe that anti-terrorism policies go to far, a 51 percent majority supported a program in which "all phone calls are scanned to see if any calls are going to a phone number linked to terrorism," 53 percent said it is "necessary to keep Americans safe," and 53 percent said the program is "too much intrusion into Americans' personal privacy."
Given what we know, "are the majority of Americans really Snowden fans?" asks J. Dana Stuster at Foreign Policy. "Maybe." But all this Quinnipiac poll purports to show us is that "Americans are more willing to call Snowden a whistle-blower than a traitor."