July 8, 1919: President Woodrow Wilson returned from the Versailles Conference in France, which set peace terms at the end of World War I. Versailles also produced the League of Nations treaty. But the Senate refused to ratify it, a crushing blow to Wilson.

July 8, 1950: President Harry Truman appointed Gen. Douglas MacArthur commander of U.N. forces in Korea, a move Truman would soon regret. As the Korean War raged, MacArthur went public with his proposal to bomb China, angering Truman. The president fired the general in April, 1951.

Quote of the Day
“People call me an idealist. Well, that is the way I know. I am an American. America is the only idealistic nation in the world." -Woodrow Wilson

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