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April 24, 1945: President Harry Truman, in office just 12 days, was briefed on the Manhattan Project — the secret wartime effort to develop an atomic bomb. He would soon order two of them dropped on Japan.

April 24, 1980: A disaster for President Jimmy Carter: An attempt to rescue American hostages in Iran, Operation Eagle Claw, failed, killing eight U.S. servicemen. During the raid, two helicopters went down in the Iranian desert with engine trouble; another crashed into a C-130, killing the servicemen. In the wake of Operation Eagle Claw's failure, Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, who warned Carter against the mission, made good on his threat to resign.

Quote of the day

"We will not learn how to live together in peace by killing each other's children." — Jimmy Carter

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