The Fair Labor Association (FLA) announced on Friday that Foxconn, the Chinese manufacturing giant that produces gadgets such as the iPhone, will introduce policies intended to improve conditions in its much-criticized factories. But could the improvements, which include restrictions on workers' overtime hours, mean that we'll soon be paying more for electronics? Here, a brief guide to what's in store:
What kind of changes are underway?
After a series of New York Times investigative reports, Apple and the FLA pledged to remedy a number of violations at Foxconn's three Chinese factories by July 2013. Among the changes: Employees will not be allowed to work more than 49 hours per week, including overtime, and monthly overtime hours will be reduced from 80 to 36. Workers will also be paid for all overtime. And Foxconn must begin reporting all accidents to supervisors, not just mishaps that resulted in production stoppage, as per the old policy.
How will Foxconn make up for the lost hours?
The manufacturer will "go on a hiring spree to expand the ranks of its 1.2 million employees to ensure these plans are reasonable to achieve," says Christina Bonnington at Wired. This means less overtime overall, and more manageable shifts for line workers.
What do workers think about less overtime?
Although Foxconn has already committed to raising wages 16 to 25 percent, not all workers are thrilled by the prospect of less overtime. "We think that 60 hours of overtime a month would be reasonable and that 36 would be too little," 25-year-old Chen Yamei tells Reuters. Another employee echoes a similar sentiment: "If we work less overtime, it would mean less money."
Do higher labor costs mean Apple's prices will increase?
It's possible. The Times has suggested, for instance, that making the iPhone in the U.S. instead of China would add $65 to the cost of each device, largely thanks to a less efficient North American supply chain. But in this case, even though Foxconn wages do affect the company's bottom line, consumers have little reason to worry. "Labor is only a small percentage of the total cost of a product," market researcher Tom Dinges tells Wired, and Apple and Foxconn will likely just eat these relatively small increases rather than pass them onto consumers.