The Rape of Europa

During World War II the Nazis pillaged one-fifth of all the known, artworks in Europe: paintings, sculpture, furnishings, even architecture. Hitler, himself a failed painter, purged art he hated and stole art he coveted, hoping to confer legitimacy on the Third Reich. Many masterpieces were destroyed; others vanished and are still being found, repaired, and fought over today. Based on the 1995 book by Lynn H. Nicholas, this acclaimed documentary tells the dramatic saga of such works as Gustav Klimt’s Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I—which sold for $135 million after it was awarded to the 90-year-old niece of the Viennese Jew from whom it was stolen in 1938. Monday, Nov. 24, at 9 p.m., PBS; check local listings