Graham's Number is an upper bound on a mathematical proof that I don't grasp very well, but what it's famous for is being really big. How big? You almost certainly can't imagine it. Watch the video below, but here's a motivating idea: if you tried to write the number as a "tower of powers" (3^3^3^3...) there wouldn't be enough atoms in the universe to write it all out.
Check out Graham himself explain how his number works. --Ryan Cooper
Tom Hanks joined Saturday Night Live as moderator Chris Wallace for the last presidential debate cold open sketch. "Welcome to the third and final presidential debate," he began. "Tonight, it's going to be a lot like the third Lord of the Rings movie: You don't really want to watch, but, hey, you've come this far."
Kate McKinnon’s Hillary Clinton and Alec Baldwin's Donald Trump mostly took it from there, with McKinnon playing a private game of Bingo based on Trump's outrageous comments while flat-out refusing to address the content of campaign emails published by WikiLeaks.
As for "Trump," he went meta, celebrating his support from "the best Baldwin brother, Stephen Baldwin." Watch the full skit below. Bonnie Kristian
AT&T Inc. announced Saturday evening it has agreed to buy Time Warner Inc. for $84.5 billion, a price point of $107.50 a share, split equally between cash and stock. The merger is expected to be complete by the end of next year, and the combined company will be headed by current AT&T Chief Executive Randall Stephenson.
"It's a great fit, and it creates immediate and long-term value for our shareholders," Stephenson said — but it still has to get approval from Washington, which in a populist political climate may make the process difficult or shut it down entirely. Republican Donald Trump has already said his administration would not permit the deal.
The merger will pair AT&T's wireless phone service with Time Warner's visual media, including networks like CNN, TNT, and HBO as well as the Warner Bros. film and television studio. This combination would permit the new company to "disrupt the traditional entertainment model and push the boundaries on mobile content availability for the benefit of customers" by offering an online subscription package to wireless customers. Bonnie Kristian
For the first time in 71 years, the Chicago Cubs won the National League Championship and are headed to the World Series. The team beat the Los Angeles Dodgers Saturday in a 5-0 game, giving them a 4-2 Championship Series win.
As Chicago celebrated Saturday night, the team thanked fans for their support throughout years of drought and an "unbelievable" season alike. "There's a favorite saying in Chicago," said Cubs Hall of Famer Billy Williams. "'I hope they do it in my lifetime.' So everybody who's living today got to witness this."
Watch the moment of victory below. Bonnie Kristian
— MLB (@MLB) October 23, 2016
Republican Donald Trump gave a wide-ranging speech in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on Saturday outlining his plans for his first 100 days in office if elected president. Touted by his staff in advance of the event as a "very specific, detailed vision" for "economic and physical security," the speech largely took a list format as Trump outlined legislation and executive policies he intends to implement.
Among other points, he offered six proposals for cleaning up Washington corruption, seven ways to protect American workers, and five actions to restore rule of law. Trump promised to end outsourcing with tariffs and other "consequences" to ensure "our companies will stop leaving the United States and going to other countries."
He reiterated his intention to build a border wall at Mexico's expense, and described legislation to reduce violent crime, eliminate the defense sequester, expand military spending, increase health care options for veterans, and screen would-be immigrants and refugees because "we want people that can love us."
If Trump is elected and "we follow these steps," he concluded, "we will once more have a government of, by, and for the people, and — importantly — we will make America great again." Watch the full speech below. Bonnie Kristian
A North Carolina judge named Arnold O. Jones II was convicted Friday on three felony charges for attempting to bribe a federal agent with two cases of Bud Light beer. The jurors on the case deliberated for less than an hour before reaching a verdict.
Jones wanted the agent, Matthew Miller, to get him copies of text messages exchanged between his wife and another man. Miller, a local sheriff's deputy who is also on an FBI task force, could not legally obtain such records without a warrant from a federal magistrate judge, but Jones — who, again, is himself a judge — said Miller never told him a warrant was necessary.
Miller and Jones reportedly met to discuss the logistics of Jones' request, during which the judge offered the deputy "a couple of cases of beer" for his help. The beer payment was later replaced by $100 in cash, which would buy about five cases of Bud Light.
Libyan fighters announced Saturday they have freed 13 foreign captives held by the Islamic State — 11 from Eritrea and one each from Turkey and Egypt — in the seaside city of Sirte, which has long been the center of ISIS activity in Libya.
The pro-government Libyan forces have been fighting to take Sirte for six months with the assistance of American air strikes. Libya's fate will not be determined even if ISIS is eradicated in the North African country, as a diversity of rival factions will still compete for power in the vacuum left by the removal of strongman Moammar Gadhafi.
In the meantime, Libya remains a departure point for thousands of migrants fleeing violence for the refuge of Europe. On Friday and Saturday, rescue workers based out of Italy saved more than 3,300 migrants off the coast of Libya, many attempting to make the Mediterranean crossing in flimsy rubber boats. An unknown number of migrants also drowned. Bonnie Kristian
You've probably seen them in your Facebook feed: the amusing sentences your friends got their smartphones to "write" simply by selecting the middle of three suggested words in their phone's autocomplete function over and over. The results rarely make much sense.
But that didn't stop an academic paper written entirely via iPhone autocomplete from being accepted by a scientific conference just three hours after submission. A New Zealand professor named Christoph Bartneck received an invitation to submit a paper to a nuclear physics gathering, but he's not a physicist. So instead he wrote an entire "study" using text predictions on his iPhone. He'd begin a sentence with a word like "atomic" or "nuclear" and let iOS take it from there.
"The atoms of a better universe will have the right for the same as you are the way we shall have to be a great place for a great time to enjoy the day you are a wonderful person to your great time to take the fun and take a great time and enjoy the great day you will be a wonderful time for your parents and kids," his abstract said. Bartneck suspects the conference is not of high academic caliber and will not attend. Bonnie Kristian