Science!
July 9, 2014
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Here's the good news: more people in poorer countries are getting lifesaving antibiotics. Now, the bad news: because of that, drug-resistant bacteria is on the rise.

A study published in The Lancet Infectious Disease looked at antibiotic consumption across the world in the 21st century, and found that the total doses of antibiotics sold in pharmacies and clinics rose 36 percent from 2000 to 2010, NPR reports. But because of that, antibiotics that are used after all others have failed are now in danger of becoming ineffective. Those drugs are often used to treat everything from MRSA to a gut pathogen called CRE that may kill up to half of those infected.

The study found that three-quarters of the increase in consumption happened in India, Russia, China, South Africa, and Brazil. India and China are now the two biggest consumers of antibiotics for human use, with the United States coming in third. Researchers cautioned that the estimates were only minimum values, because they were unable to determine when drugs were not taken properly by the patient, or if patients were misdiagnosed and prescribed the wrong antibiotics.

Ramanan Laxminarayan, director of the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy, and lead author of the study, considers antibiotics a "natural resource," and warns that having to replace them will be costly. "As we run out, finding new ones will be hard and expensive," he said. "Penicillin costs pennies. Newer antibiotics may cost hundreds or even thousands of dollars." Catherine Garcia

champs
1:20 p.m. ET
Shaul Schwarz/Getty Images

The World Health Organization has confirmed that Cuba is the first country in the world to eradicate mother-to-child transmitted HIV and syphilis. WHO Director General Dr. Margaret Chen called the progress a "major victory."

"It shows that ending the AIDS epidemic is possible and we expect Cuba to be the first of many countries coming forward to seek validation that they have ended their epidemics among children," Executive Director of UNAIDS Michel Sidibé added in the WHO report.

The Pan American Health Organization and WHO have worked jointly in Cuba since 2010. Globally, the organization estimates that 1.4 million women with HIV become pregnant every year and have a 15 to 45 percent chance of transmitting the virus to their children during pregnancy, labor, delivery, or breastfeeding. Likewise, nearly one million pregnant women become infected with syphilis. Jeva Lange

en pointe
12:56 p.m. ET
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The American Ballet Theater named Misty Copeland, 32, principal ballerina on Tuesday, making her the first African-American woman to hold the position in the company's 75-year history. Stella Abrera was also promoted to principal.

Copeland has been with the American Ballet Theater for 14 years and spent eight of those years as a soloist. Last week, she performed as Odette/Odile in "Swan Lake" at the Met; she has also performed in Alexei Ratmansky's "Firebird" and debuted in "Romeo and Juliet."

"When she's on, the audience is totally diverse," Artistic Director Emerita of Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater Judith Jamison told The Wall Street Journal. "This is what happens when you give people opportunity to do things they are capable of doing." Jeva Lange

D'oh
12:56 p.m. ET

As of today, 14 Republicans have announced their intentions to run for president in 2016 — which means 13 will be probably be looking for a new gig when the party selects its official nominee next year. In a video for Buzzfeed, Ted Cruz has submitted himself as a possible contender for another high-profile gig: a voice role on The Simpsons.

Mr. Burns, Ned Flanders, Homer and Lisa... they're all there, kind of. Scott Meslow

Race and the South
12:43 p.m. ET
Win McNamee/Getty Images

Less than two weeks after a white man shot and killed nine people at a historic African-American church in Charleston, South Carolina, officials granted approval to the Ku Klux Klan to hold a pro-Confederate flag rally on the Statehouse grounds.

The KKK's reservation was confirmed by Brian Gains of the South Carolina Budget and Control Board, Politico reports. Gains explained in an email that the KKK was given the reservation because the office allows "any group, regardless of ideology, to reserve the grounds on a first-come, first-serve basis."

The event is slated for July 18 from 3-5 p.m. James Spears, Great Titan of the Ku Klux Klan's Pelham, North Carolina chapter, which reserved the grounds, said the group will be protesting "the Confederate flag being t[aken] down for all the reasons." Becca Stanek

Quoteables
12:28 p.m. ET

One day after NBC severed ties with 2016 GOP nominee Donald Trump over "derogatory statements" he made about Mexican immigrants, fellow GOP candidate Sen. Ted Cruz has sided with Trump.

"When it comes to Donald Trump, I like Donald Trump. I think he's terrific. I think he's brash. I think he speaks the truth," Cruz said in a Tuesday morning interview on Fox & Friends. Cruz added that NBC is "engaging in political correctness that is silly and that is wrong."

NBC announced Monday it would no longer air the Miss USA and Miss Universe beauty pageants, which Trump owns, and indicated Trump would be bumped from his role as host of The Apprentice. 

When asked if Mexican immigrants are "mostly" rapists and drug dealers, as Trump suggested in his speech, Cruz replied: "They're not mostly that. But Donald Trump — he has a way of speaking that gets attention. And I credit him for focusing on an issue that needs to be focused on."

"I don't think you should apologize for speaking out against the problem that is illegal immigration," Cruz said. "Donald Trump is exactly right to highlight the need" to crack down on illegal immigration, he added.

Trump expressed gratitude for having Cruz in his corner, sending a "thank you" tweet on Tuesday morning. Emily Goldberg

2016
11:58 a.m. ET
Jeff Zelevansky/Getty Images

On Tuesday morning, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie formally announced his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination in the gymnasium of his old high school in Livingston, New Jersey. "I am now ready to fight for the people of the United States of America," he said.

Christie critiqued the dysfunction of Congress and President Obama, and emphasized the country's need for "strong leadership and decisiveness to lead America again." He promised to run a campaign "without spin or focus on group pandering."

"You're going to get what I think," the tough-talking governor said, "whether or not you like it."

The New Jersey governor was once a rising GOP star — many high-powered conservatives all but begged him to run for president in 2012 — but his fortunes have since tanked, largely due to a 2013 scandal about politically motivated traffic on the George Washington Bridge. Christie is the 14th GOP candidate to enter the presidential race. Becca Stanek

red flag
11:30 a.m. ET

The hits keep on coming for J. Crew, the American retailer with a downtown preppy aesthetic. After a round of layoffs in early June, the brand's CEO Mickey Drexler has put his sprawling Hamptons estate up for sale. There's only one problem: As Gawker points out, interior photos of the $85 million home show a framed Confederate flag hanging on the wall in one room:

Though the flag on Drexler's wall isn't the Confederate flag's most infamous (or controversial) iteration, it is, in fact, the original flag of the Confederate States of America, dubbed the "Stars and Bars." The photo in question has since been removed from Drexler's listing on realtor Douglas Elliman's website, and when Gawker asked broker Paul Brennan whether Drexler knew the meaning of the flag hanging in his living room, Brennan replied, "I don't think so. Why don't you ask the decorator?" A J. Crew spokesperson also reportedly declined to comment to Gawker.

The Hamptons estate's living room accessory is only one red flag signaling cloudy days ahead for J. Crew — Drexler is also selling a Tribeca apartment and a Wainscott beach house as the retailer's sales fell 5.2 percent in the first quarter of 2015. Hunter Harris

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