President Trump signed a directive Monday aimed at refocusing "America's space program on human exploration and discovery." The directive signals the administration's intention to send "American astronauts back to the Moon, and eventually Mars," spokesman Hogan Gidley clarified earlier in the day to Reuters.
Despite America having already checked the moon off its to-do list in 1969, Trump said "this time we will not only plant our flag and leave our footprint, we will establish a foundation for an eventual mission to Mars and perhaps someday to many worlds beyond." Watch Trump's full comments below, and read James Poulos explain why the most important thing Trump can do is take us to Mars at The Week. Jeva Lange
— CNN Politics (@CNNPolitics) December 11, 2017
The mission to make humans "a multiplanetary species" just got a little bit closer to becoming a reality. Elon Musk's SpaceX program published a video Tuesday describing how the proposed Interplanetary Transport System would actually work — and it involves 28,730,000 pounds of thrust for lift-off, the support of a refueling pod, and winged solar panels to provide additional power to the ITS:
Musk is delivering a presentation on colonizing and building a city on Mars at the International Astronautical Conference in Guadalajara, Mexico (you can follow continual updates at The Verge, here). And for those dreaming of future travels to a terraformed Red Planet, you're in luck — the planet makes an unnaturally blue-and-green appearance at the end of the video.
Musk also said Tuesday that he believes in the future the cost of travel to Mars will be as inexpensive as buying a house. SpaceX plans to send its first ship of humans to the planet as early as 2024. Jeva Lange
If Buzz Aldrin has his way, Mars will be colonized by 2039.
The second man to walk on the moon has partnered with the Florida Institute of Technology to open the Buzz Aldrin Space Institute this fall. Aldrin, who has a doctorate in science from MIT, will serve as a senior faculty adviser and research professor of aeronautics, The Associated Press reports. Aldrin, 85, said he wants to develop a "master plan" to get Mars colonized, with international input and approval from NASA. NASA is working on building rockets and spacecrafts to transport astronauts to Mars by the mid-2030s.
Aldrin set 2039 as a target date because that will be the 70th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing. He's already thinking that two of the moons of Mars, Phobos and Deimos, will be the first stops for astronauts, and he thinks it makes sense for people to live there for 10 years. "The Pilgrims on the Mayflower came here to live and stay," he said. "They didn't wait around Plymouth Rock for the return trip, and neither will people building up a population and a settlement [on Mars]." Catherine Garcia
On Wednesday in Dubai, United Arab Emirate officials and scientists detailed the UAE's proposed unmanned mission to Mars, scheduled for launch in the summer of 2020, when Dubai is hosting a world expo. It would be the first interplanetary mission by an Arab nation, putting UAE in an elite club including India, the U.S., Europe, and Soviet Russia. In a rarity for the UAE, all 75 people working on the mission are Emiratis (advised by Americans), and the lead scientist is a woman, deputy project manager Sarah Amiri.
The Hope orbiter is projected to circle Mars for up to four years, collecting data about its atmosphere. "This mission to Mars is really for the hope of the Arab world and will send them a message to say you can be better, you can improve your country," said Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, ruler of Dubai and UAE prime minister. The Wall Street Journal has a video report of the invitation-only event below. —Peter Weber