What's the best way to lose weight? Scientists still don't have an answer, but they have managed to rule out one trendy option.
A recent popular theory among dieters is that certain types of diets may be more effective than others, based on individual dieters' genes. But a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association on Tuesday says this is, essentially, bunk.
Researchers at Stanford University conducted a study on overweight adults to find out whether certain weight loss methods would be more successful with certain genetic makeups. In total, 600 participants were randomly assigned to either a low-fat or a low-carbohydrate diet. Additionally, all participants had their DNA analyzed to determine whether they had a gene that could predict better weight loss under one of the diets.
The participants then followed their randomly assigned diets for a year. But after comparing the diet regimens to the DNA analysis, the researchers found no evidence that the predicted gene markers made any difference in what form of dieting works best for different people, Live Science reported. While there was overall success in losing weight — an average of 11.5 pounds for participants on the low-fat diet, and 13 pounds for those on the low-carb one — there were no significant differences between those who had the expected "right genes" for each diet and those who didn't.
The researchers plan to continue to analyze their data in order to try to determine other possible indicators for what types of diets might work best for different people. Read more about the study's findings at Live Science. Shivani Ishwar
On Wednesday, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie's (R) administration took control of Atlantic City, approving a five-year takeover to prevent the city, $500 million in debt, from declaring bankruptcy. Atlantic City and its mayor, Donald Guardian (R), had submitted a financial plan to the state government last week, but the state said it was insufficient to right the seaside town's finances. Under state control, the New Jersey Local Finance Board will have the power to overrule the City Council, hire and fire municipal workers, break union contracts, and sell off assets, including the defunct airport and the city's prized water utility.
"It's an incredible responsibility, one that I've lost sleep over the last few weeks," said Timothy Cunningham, head of the finance board. "I'm sure I'm going to lose sleep tonight." Steve Young, a community activist, wasn't sympathetic. "This is an example of what this country could turn out to be under Chris Christie and President-elect Donald Trump, taking away our rights and sovereignty," he told The Associated Press. "Who do we talk to as residents? What will government look like with the state of New Jersey overpowering the residents? We are headed for some bad times, and your city could be next."
Atlantic City, with about 39,000 residents, has been drained of revenue by a sharp decline in the city's casino business, thanks in part to legalized gambling in neighboring Pennsylvania and other nearby states. Five of Atlantic City's 12 casino's have closed since 2014, including the Trump Plaza and Trump Taj Mahal, and the income to casinos dropped to $2.56 billion last year from $5.2 billion in 2006. At the same time, the city's value has dropped to $6 billion from $21 billion, says Marc Pfeiffer at Rutgers University. "The city's not dead," he said. "They haven't been able to get their expenses under control to live within their circumstances." Christie is widely expected to join the Trump administration. Peter Weber
It looks like it's pretty safe to rule out any chance that Melania Trump's plagiarism of Michelle Obama's convention speech was an accident. Despite some defenders saying Melania Trump lifted words "coincidentally," the Washingtonian used Turnitin.com to find that "the likelihood that a 16-word match," like the one between Trump's speech and Obama's, is "'just a coincidence' is less than 1 in a trillion." The longest match between the two speeches is 23 words:
— BuzzFeed News (@BuzzFeedNews) July 19, 2016
A report by the World Anti-Doping Agency released Monday confirmed accusations by Russia's former anti-doping lab director, Grigory Rodchenkov, that the Russian government orchestrated an elaborate cheating scheme at the 2014 Sochi Olympics. The report, produced by Canadian lawyer Richard McLaren, concluded "beyond a reasonable doubt" that "Russia's ministry of sport, its antidoping organization, and the country's federal security service" were involved in covering up the use of performance-enhancing drugs by athletes at the Sochi Games, The New York Times reported.
Just as Rodchenkov claimed back in May, the investigation found that tamper-proof bottles containing urine samples were broken into, and that contaminated samples taken from medal-winning athletes were swapped out. "The surprise result of the Sochi investigation was the revelation of the extent of state oversight and directed control of the Moscow laboratory in processing, and covering up urine samples of Russian athletes from virtually all sports before and after the Sochi Games," McLaren wrote in the report.
Russia said last week that if the report were to find any of the allegations to be true, the World Anti-Doping Agency would also bear responsibility for inadequately monitoring regulatory facilities. The Washington Post reported anti-doping officials in the U.S. and Canada have already prepared a letter calling for all Russian athletes to be barred from this summer's Rio Olympics. Becca Stanek
A Massachusetts seventh grader might have just proved Tom Brady's innocence. St. Pius V Elementary School's Ben Goodell — no relation to NFL commissioner Roger — won his second-straight science fair with a football PSI experiment, Sports Illustrated reports.
Goodell's Deflategate project required taking properly inflated footballs and exposing them to different weather conditions such as snow, wind chill, humidity, cold, and ice. "Every time, it dropped two PSI. The lowest PSI recorded during deflategate was two PSI under proper inflation. I had [the football] at proper inflation when I started," Goodell said.
"I think some people think science is only in a laboratory. It's really all around us all the time. That's what gets kids hooked: relevance," Principal Paul D. Maestranzi explained.
Indeed. "I wanted to prove that Tom Brady wasn't guilty," Goodell said. Jeva Lange
It's an open secret that before many big-name actors landed their breakthrough roles, they had a bit part on procedural behemoth Law and Order. And it turns out that the actors on Netflix's latest smash hit Orange Is the New Black are no different.
Want to see Red (Kate Mulgrew) act indignant, sans Russian accent? How about finally hearing mute Norma (Annie Golden) talk? It's all here. But spoiler alert: Pornstache (Pablo Schreiber) seems to have been typecast as a massive creep from the beginning. --Samantha Rollins
Wisconsin police have a new detective on their hands: four-year-old Abby Dean.
Dean was at her family's home with a 17-year-old babysitter when a pair of burglars entered the house. The two men took an iPod, Wii, Xbox, and Dean's bank.
SFGate reports that the babysitter told police the burglars were black and resembled Dean's next-door neighbors. But when the police spoke to Dean, she told them that the burglars were, in fact, white.
After Dean's revelation, the babysitter eventually confessed that the crooks were her 16-year-old boyfriend and his friend. The items, including Dean's bank, were returned to the home.
'That was really her being bad," Dean told a local Fox outlet. "She's not a good babysitter."
Watch an interview with Dean below. --Meghan DeMaria
Fox News anchor Gregg Jarrett was arrested Wednesday in a bar at the Minneapolis-St. Paul Airport. Police said the 59-year-old anchor appeared drunk and had refused officers' orders after they went to the Northern Lights Grill to investigate reports of an unruly, intoxicated man.
Jarrett was held for "obstruction of the legal process," according to the Star-Tribune, and remained in jail through Wednesday night. He serves as a weekend anchor for the Fox News Channel, but recently announced he would be taking some time off for "personal reasons." -- Jordan Valinsky
— Breaking911 (@Breaking911) May 22, 2014
Update: Here's a statement from a Fox News spokesperson.
We were made aware late last night that Gregg Jarrett was arrested in Minneapolis yesterday and charged with a misdemeanor. He is dealing with serious personal issues at this time. A date at which Gregg might return to air has yet to be determined.