The opioid crisis has been steadily growing more dire for years, and new evidence has surfaced suggesting there are unexpected consequences even to treating the harmful addiction epidemic. CNN reported Monday that more and more young children are being unintentionally exposed to buprenorphine, a drug commonly used to treat opioid addiction.
Between 2007 and 2016, over 11,000 calls were made to U.S. poison control centers regarding children's exposure to the drug, a study published in the journal Pediatrics on Monday revealed. Eighty-six percent of those calls were about children under 6 years old.
Buprenorphine is "never prescribed" for children that young, and poses "a significant risk" to them, said Henry Spiller, one of the authors of the study. While 89 percent of the cases in the study concerned unintentional exposure, Spiller notes that intentional use is especially common among adolescents, with the intent of intoxication or even suicide.
The rate of exposure to buprenorphine almost doubled over the course of the study. With an increasing number of people misusing prescription opioids or otherwise battling addiction, misuse of treatment drugs like buprenorphine is likely to rise even more in the coming years.
The study shows that even the most well-intentioned methods for curbing the opioid epidemic can be harmful to "those who are most vulnerable," said Dr. Jason Kane, an associate professor of pediatrics and critical care with the University of Chicago. Read more at CNN. Shivani Ishwar
The nation's opioid crisis isn't limited to the landbound.
Scientists near Seattle, Washington, found that some marine creatures have absorbed drugs that end up in the waters due to human drug use, KIRO News reported Thursday.
When looking for water contamination, scientists found that mussels in the Puget Sound tested positive for oxycodone and other chemicals. Sealife can get contaminated when humans ingest opioids, because people later excrete trace amounts of drugs, which end up in wastewater. The wastewater is cleaned, but not all drugs can be filtered out.
“It's telling me there's a lot of people taking oxycodone in the Puget Sound area,” one researcher told KIRO.
Researchers found that mussels in multiple locations had absorbed not only opioids, but also antibiotics and other prescription drugs. Washington officials said that the contamination shouldn't make it unsafe to eat mussels, since shellfish in restaurants are coming from different areas. Read more at KIRO News. Summer Meza
President Trump pushed his proposed border wall as a method to combat the national opioid crisis in a speech in New Hampshire on Monday.
"Ninety percent of the heroin in America comes from our southern border," said Trump. "Eventually the Democrats will agree with us, and we'll build the wall to keep the damn drugs out."
His call for additional border security elicited a standing ovation from the audience, who cheered and chanted in support of a wall. Attendees also applauded the president's pledge to deploy the death penalty for drug dealers, whom he called "terrible people."
In his remarks, Trump additionally slammed sanctuary cities, which shield some immigrants from deportation by allowing local authorities to decline to cooperate with federal immigration officers. The president said that removing sanctuary policies was crucial to stopping the opioid crisis, saying that they "shield dangerous criminals" who are responsible for drug dealing. Other strategies mentioned were "commercials" to deter children from trying drugs and battling pharmaceutical companies who push to overprescribe pain medications.
Watch Trump's comments on the border wall below, via Fox News. Summer Meza
.@POTUS: "90% of the heroin in America comes from our southern border where, eventually @TheDemocrats will agree with us, and will build the wall to keep the damn drugs out." https://t.co/xgbqseWlE2 pic.twitter.com/aW3vjvrXqf
— Fox News (@FoxNews) March 19, 2018
The Trump administration is sparking concerns over just how seriously it is taking the opioids crisis as experts at the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) are apparently being pushed aside in favor of the leadership of inexperienced political appointees, Politico reports. White House counselor Kellyanne Conway is overseeing the administration's efforts to combat the crisis, although her team does not have a permanent director and its top appointee for months was a 24-year-old former Trump campaign staffer. The acting director of the ONDCP, who has served in the office for decades, has reportedly not been invited to attend any of the meetings between Conway and her team.
"I haven't talked to Kellyanne at all and I'm from the worst state for this," added Republican Sen. Shelley Moore Capito of West Virginia. Regina LaBelle, who served as the ONDCP's chief of staff under former President Obama, said: "I don't know what the agency is doing. I really don't. They aren't at the level of visibility you'd think they'd be at by now."
President Trump has been criticized for failing to act in any meaningful way after declaring an opioids emergency last year. "The main response so far has been to call for a border wall and to promise a 'just say no' campaign," Politico writes, adding that Trump is expected to propose "massive cuts" to the ONDCP next week.
"It's fair to say the ONDCP has pretty much been systematically excluded from key decisions about opioids and the strategy moving forward," stressed a former Trump administration official. An estimated 175 people die a day from opioids; STAT announced last year that opioids could kill nearly 500,000 Americans in the next decade. Read more about concerns sparked by the Trump administration's approach to the crisis at Politico. Jeva Lange
Walmart announced Wednesday it is now offering a product that safely destroys all forms of unused opioid drugs, but experts say the item is not necessary.
Walmart's product, DisposeRx, and warm water will turn opioids — including powders, tablets, pills, capsules, liquids, and patches — into a biodegradable gel that cannot be converted back into a usable drug. Walmart said this is the first product of its kind, and with 42,000 Americans dying in 2016 from opioid overdoses, the company wanted to take "an active role in fighting our nation's opioid issue, an issue that has affected so many families and communities across America."
About one-third of medications sold go unused, and it's easy for excess pills to end up in the wrong hands, spreading addiction. But DisposeRx isn't necessary, Dr. Andrew Kolodny, co-director of the Opioid Policy Research Collaborative at Brandeis University, told NPR. Opioids can just as easily be flushed down the toilet. "The problem is the general public just doesn't know that," he said. "Think about it. Every time someone taking an opioid medication urinates or defecates, it gets into the water supply. So that's not the real problem." Catherine Garcia
For the first time since the early 1960s, life expectancy in the United States has fallen for a second year in a row. "I'm not prone to dramatic statements, but I think we should be really alarmed," the chief of the morality statistics branch at the National Center for Health Statistics, Robert Anderson, told NPR.
Officials blame the rare U.S. life expectancy decline on opioid overdoses. The epidemic has reached such a state of crisis that STAT estimated earlier this year that the drugs could kill nearly 500,000 Americans in the next decade. In October, President Trump officially declared the crisis to be a national public health emergency and said the government would work on advertising campaigns and research into non-addictive pain management techniques to combat the soaring fatalities.
Americans' life expectancy dropped from 78.9 years to 78.7 years between 2014 and 2015, and from 78.7 years to 78.6 years between 2015 and 2016. "For any individual, that's not a whole lot," Anderson said. "But when you're talking about it in terms of a population, you're talking about a significant number of potential lives that aren't being lived." In 2016, an estimated 42,200 drug overdose deaths were attributed to opioids. In 2015, that number was 33,000.
The last time U.S. life expectancy dropped at all was in 1993, during the height of the AIDS epidemic. "Deaths from alcohol have been rising as well," Princeton University economist Anne Case added to NPR. "So we think of it all being signs that something is really wrong and whatever is it is that's really wrong is happening nationwide." Jeva Lange
Dr. John N. Kapoor, the billionaire founder of Insys Therapeutics, was arrested and charged Thursday with bribing doctors to prescribe Subsys, a spray meant for cancer patients that contains the highly addictive synthetic opioid fentanyl.
Kapoor, 74, was arrested in Phoenix, and is facing federal charges of racketeering, conspiracy to commit fraud, and conspiracy to violate an anti-kickback law; the racketeering and fraud charges alone carry possible prison sentences of up to 20 years. Subsys was approved by the FDA to treat cancer patients who have pain that can't be helped by any other narcotics, and a 30-day supply costs between $3,000 and $30,000, NBC News reports; in the last year, Insys has sold $240 million worth of Subsys. Prosecutors allege Insys paid doctors hundreds of thousands of dollars in exchange for them prescribing Subsys, which is 100 times stronger than morphine.
Three of the top prescribers have been convicted of accepting bribes from Insys, and Insys denies any wrongdoing, saying the company cannot be held responsible for how doctors prescribe products. Over the summer, former employee and whistleblower Patty Nixon told NBC News she was trained to make sure doctors prescribed Subsys, even to patients who did not have cancer. She contacted insurance companies on behalf of the patients and doctors, she said, sometimes pretending to work for a doctor who treated cancer patients to make it easier for her requests to go through. Catherine Garcia
Fred Trump Jr. suffered from alcoholism and died in 1981 at the age of 43. The president, who is famously a teetotaler, credited his older brother for steering him away from alcohol. "[Fred] had a problem with alcohol, and he would tell me, 'Don't drink,'" Trump said.
Trump went on to say that he has watched his friends struggle with alcohol over the years and that "the fact is, if we can teach young people and people generally not to start [taking drugs], it's really, really easy not to take them." He emphasized the importance of a "really tough, really big, really great advertising" campaign to raise awareness and added: "There is nothing desirable about drugs. They're bad."
The president also said that the government would require a particular "truly evil" opioid to be removed from the market, as well as promote research for non-addictive pain management techniques. Trump had been heavily criticized for not triggering a federal response to the crisis sooner, after saying he would make an announcement back in early August.
STAT estimated earlier this year that opioids could kill nearly 500,000 Americans in the next decade. Watch Trump's remarks about Fred below. Jeva Lange
Trump discuss his brother Fred's struggles with alcohol: "He really helped me. I had somebody that guided me." pic.twitter.com/GiPmhhML3H
— Axios (@axios) October 26, 2017