The Week: Most Recent Middle East:The New Egypt recent posts.en-usFri, 22 Feb 2013 09:30:00 -0500http://theweek.com Recent Middle East:The New Egypt from THE WEEKFri, 22 Feb 2013 09:30:00 -0500Dispatch from Cairo: Egypt's president is under attack from all sides<img src="" /></P><p>Seven months after he was elected amidst celebrations and optimistic expectations, President Mohamad Morsi and his Islamist Freedom and Justice party are finding themselves increasingly embattled and isolated.</p><p>Morsi's much-lauded panel of advisors, initially made up of 21 luminaries from across the political spectrum, has been hit by a spate of resignations and dismissals, and has lost over half its members. The secularists and Christians began leaving late last year, complaining that Morsi was increasingly partisan and authoritarian. Now over the past week, ultra-conservative Salifi members of...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/jacob-lippincott" ><span class="byline">Jacob Lippincott</span></a>Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:30:00 -0500Dispatch from Cairo: Egypt on the brink<img src="" /></P><p >CAIRO, EGYPT &mdash; While the situation in Egypt since the 2011 revolution has been consistently chaotic, the last week was calamitous even by Egyptian standards.</p><p>Urban centers near the Suez Canal, a vital international waterway, were engulfed in what appears to be a full-scale insurrection against state authority. Deadly street battles between the police and protesters flared up in downtown Cairo. And once again the country's fledgling democracy is teetering on the brink.</p><p>The Islamist government has already alienated liberals, secularists, and minority religious groups, and is now increasingly...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/jacob-lippincott" ><span class="byline">Jacob Lippincott</span></a>Fri, 01 Feb 2013 08:37:00 -0500Is Egypt headed for another revolution?<img src="" /></P><p>Egypt has been rocked by five days of rioting that has killed at least 52 people, and the violence has only spread since the country's Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, declared a state of emergency and imposed an overnight curfew. Morsi's political opponents, still fuming over how he rammed through a constitution written by his Islamist allies, rejected his call for a national dialogue to end the demonstrations, which erupted after a court sentenced 21 people to death for involvement in a deadly soccer riot in Port Said last year. On Tuesday, the head of the country's armed forces, General Abdel...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/harold-maass" ><span class="byline">Harold Maass</span></a>Tue, 29 Jan 2013 11:07:00 -0500Dispatch from Cairo: Will Egypt let Hosni Mubarak off the hook?<img src="" /></P><p>CAIRO, EGYPT &mdash; This week, a high court in Cairo ordered a retrial of ousted dictator Hosni Mubarak, who was sentenced to life in prison last summer in connection with the brutal crackdown against the 2011 revolution that left more than 800 civilians dead.&nbsp;</p><p>While this new trial has the potential to bring new charges against high-ranking members of the old regime who have so far escaped punishment, it could also significantly reduce Mubarak's sentence, and underscores the fact that major institutions in Egypt are still controlled by relics of the old regime.</p><p>The court did not give any...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/jacob-lippincott" ><span class="byline">Jacob Lippincott</span></a>Thu, 17 Jan 2013 09:00:00 -0500Dispatch from Cairo: Is Egypt ready for a return to normalcy?<img src="" /></P><p>CAIRO, EGYPT &mdash; Finally, Egypt has its first post-revolution constitution. The document was written by the Islamist government here, and Islamist President Mohamed Morsi, along with the majority of the country that approved Egypt's new governing document, surely have occasion to celebrate this victory.</p><p>However, despite the solid majority of 64 percent that backed Morsi's constitution, on the streets of Cairo it is clear political stability is a long way off.&nbsp;</p><p>Troublingly, experts estimate that this election had the worst voter turnout of any since the revolution, suggesting growing...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/jacob-lippincott" ><span class="byline">Jacob Lippincott</span></a>Fri, 28 Dec 2012 08:15:00 -0500Can Egypt's opposition defeat Morsi's constitutional referendum?<img src="" /></P><p>The leaders of Egypt's opposition coalition don't think Saturday's planned referendum on a constitution written by Islamists is legitimate, but they're not boycotting the vote. Instead, they're urging Egyptians to go to the polls and vote "no." They're warning the government of embattled President Mohamed Morsi and his fellow Islamists that they'll call off their plans to participate unless several conditions are met, including full judicial supervision, adequate security, and the presence of independent monitors. Most analysts think the Muslim Brotherhood and its allies will be able to muster...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/harold-maass" ><span class="byline">Harold Maass</span></a>Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:31:00 -0500Mohamed Morsi's concessions: Crisis averted in Egypt?<img src="" /></P><p>Hours after meeting with a handful of political opponents on Saturday, Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi acceded to one of the opposition's key demands, apparently rescinding most of his controversial Nov. 22 decree granting himself sweeping, unchecked powers. But Morsi refused the other ultimatum: That he postpone a referendum next Saturday on the country's draft constitution, drawn up by Morsi's Islamist backers. In fact, Egypt's state media suggested that Morsi was moving toward declaring martial law to ensure that the vote happens after days of sometimes-violent protests. The loosely knit opposition...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/peter-weber" ><span class="byline">Peter Weber</span></a>Mon, 10 Dec 2012 07:16:00 -0500Is Mohamed Morsi losing control of Egypt?<img src="" /></P><p>On Thursday night, Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi addressed his country on national television, ostensibly to calm the violence from days of protests against his recent power-expanding decree and the draft constitution passed by his Islamist supporters in the legislature. His speech wasn't very conciliatory, however &mdash; he vowed to press on with a Dec. 15 referendum on the constitution and said the protesters had been armed and infiltrated by a "fifth column" of loyalists to deposed President Hosni Mubarak &mdash; and the protests just escalated. A crowd of demonstrators broke into the Cairo...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/peter-weber" ><span class="byline">Peter Weber</span></a>Fri, 07 Dec 2012 07:10:00 -0500Dispatch from Cairo: How Egypt's revolution turned on itself<img src="" /></P><p>CAIRO, EGYPT &mdash; Tensions that have been steadily brewing between secularists and Islamists exploded on Wednesday in Heliopolis, an upscale suburb of Cairo near the presidential palace.</p><p>A few dozen secularists were camped out in front of the palace, hoping to put pressure on the Islamist president, when thousands of Islamists tore down their tents and chased them away.&nbsp;</p><p>The secularists returned in force, armed to the teeth with petrol bombs, truncheons, knives, and a few guns. The Islamists were anticipating this, and had a similar array of armaments. They seemed eager for a fight.</p>... <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/jacob-lippincott" ><span class="byline">Jacob Lippincott</span></a>Thu, 06 Dec 2012 10:05:00 -0500Have Islamists derailed Egypt's fledgling democracy?<img src="" /></P><p>Egypt's top court shut down indefinitely this weekend as it faced protests by Islamists allied with President Mohamed Morsi. The judges were trying to convene to review the legality of parliament's Islamist-dominated upper house and constitutional assembly, which last week approved a draft of the country's new constitution. Morsi is vowing to hold a national referendum on the constitution on Dec. 15, but any such vote is supposed to be supervised by judges, so the power struggle between Morsi &mdash; who triggered mass protests with a recent decree putting his actions above court review &mdash...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/harold-maass" ><span class="byline">Harold Maass</span></a>Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:25:00 -0500Egypt's deja vu revolution: Side-by-side photo comparisons<img src="" /></P><p>If you've been paying attention to the goings on in Egypt's this week, you might think you're suffering from a bit of d&eacute;j&agrave;&nbsp;vu. Just as it was in early 2011, Cairo's city center is once again home to violent clashes between anti-government protesters and police. Tens of thousands of Egyptians have staked out a place in&nbsp;Tahrir Square, erecting tents, waving flags, throwing stones, and fending off tear gas &mdash; all in the name of protesting the Powers That Be. In 2011, protesters were fighting the regime of since-ousted despot Hosni Mubarak. And today, President Mohamed...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/lauren-hansen" ><span class="byline">Lauren Hansen</span></a>Fri, 30 Nov 2012 16:50:00 -0500Dispatch from Cairo: What's really happening in Tahrir Square<img src="" /></P><p>CAIRO, EGYPT &mdash; Since last week, a huge sit-in has once again engulfed Tahrir Square. The demonstration &mdash; and the bloody, peripheral street battles &mdash; have shut down much of downtown Cairo.</p><p>The protests have been organized by the disparate groups that make up the Egyptian left. These groups are tenuously unified by a broad commitment to secularism and opposition to the current Islamist government.</p><p>Ostensibly, the protests are in response to a unilateral decree by Islamist President Mohamed Morsi that dismissed the high courts, a move which gives Morsi both executive and judicial...</p> <a href="">More</a>By <a href="/author/jacob-lippincott" ><span class="byline">Jacob Lippincott</span></a>Fri, 30 Nov 2012 15:25:00 -0500Is Egypt's Mohamed Morsi turning into Hosni Mubarak?<img src="" /></P><p>While Americans were eating their Thanksgiving meals, watching football, or maybe even preparing for Black Friday shopping, Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi was giving himself sweeping new powers. Fresh off helping broker a cease-fire between Israel and Hamas-led Gaza, the Muslim Brotherhood&ndash;affiliated president issued an edict that, among other things, fired Egypt's equivalent of the attorney general and, more infamously, made his presidential decrees immune from judicial oversight until a new constitution is enacted. Morsi emphasized Friday that his new powers are only temporary, and there...</p> <a href="">More</a>By The Week StaffMon, 26 Nov 2012 06:52:00 -0500Morsi's power play in Egypt: Will the military fight back?<img src="" /></P><p>In a stunning escalation of the power struggle between Egypt's civilian and military leaders, Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, forced out several of Egypt's top military leaders over the weekend. The power play appeared to solidify the authority of Morsi, a member of the long outlawed Muslim Brotherhood whose election the military had opposed. Has power finally shifted from the military, which took over after Hosni Mubarak fell last year, to Egypt's newly elected leadership, or is Morsi picking a fight he's bound to lose? Here, a brief guide:<br /><br /><strong>Who did Morsi force out?</strong><br />He ordered the retirement of...</p> <a href="">More</a>By The Week StaffMon, 13 Aug 2012 11:27:00 -0400Hillary Clinton's rough reception in Egypt: What it means<img src="" /></P><p>The State Department is trying hard to downplay the significance of anti-American protests during Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's weekend visit to Egypt. A day after Clinton met with the country's new president, Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood, angry crowds chanted "Monica, Monica" as Clinton's motorcade passed &mdash; a reference to Bill Clinton's affair with Monica Lewinsky. Some of the protesters hurled tomatoes and shoes. One State Department official cautioned that it's "easy to over-read a small group of pretty energetic protesters" in a country of 90 million people. Was Clinton...</p> <a href="">More</a>By The Week StaffTue, 17 Jul 2012 10:45:00 -0400Egypt's political standoff: 4 possible outcomes<img src="" /></P><p>Members of Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament convened briefly on Tuesday, a day after the country's highest court&nbsp;warned&nbsp;lawmakers not to.&nbsp;Newly elected President Mohamed Morsi, long tied to the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, had urged parliament to reconvene, while the ruling military council, which dismissed parliament in June after the court declared&nbsp;a third of its members had been elected illegally, insisted that Morsi respect the court's authority. Where is this increasingly tense power struggle headed? Here, four theories: &nbsp;</p><p><strong>1. The military could lose the Egyptian...</strong></p> <a href="">More</a>By The Week StaffTue, 10 Jul 2012 10:40:00 -0400