Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu failed to form a new coalition government by Tuesday's deadline. The task now belongs to Israel's President Reuven Rivlin. It's not clear how Rivlin will proceed as he's expected to consult with the leaders of the parties elected to the Knesset earlier this year, but he may give Netanyahu's rivals a chance to govern, pushing Likud, which remains the largest party in parliament, into the opposition for the first time in 12 years. Netanyahu fell short of forming a government after his far-right allies refused to join a government by Raam, a small Islamist Arab party, The New York Times notes.

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