April 30, 2014

Senate Republicans on Wednesday blocked a vote on a bill that would raise the federal minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 per hour. Blame the filibuster, which has in the past four decades become an increasingly popular tool for the minority party to stonewall legislation that could otherwise pass the upper chamber with a simple majority.

The following chart shows the number of cloture motions in each session of Congress since 1917, using data from the Senate's website. Technically, the tallies don't represent true talking filibusters, but rather all instances where someone called for a procedural vote to end potentially endless debate and hold a pass/fail vote on legislation.

Use of the filibuster leveled off in the 1990s, then exploded in the final few years of George W. Bush's presidency when Democrats regained control of the Senate. And following Obama's election, Republicans kept right on filibustering again and again and again.

Counting the latest cloture attempt on the minimum wage bill, there have been 128 such motions already this session, a hair less than the record 139 filed in 2007-08 — and that's with about nine months left to go on the legislative calendar. Jon Terbush

April 30, 2014

Senate Republicans on Wednesday filibustered a Democrat-sponsored bill that would have raised the federal minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 per hour.

By a 52-42 vote, the Senate failed to reach the 60-vote threshold necessary to cut off debate on the Minimum Wage Fairness Act. Every Republican save one, Sen. Bob Corker (Tenn.), voted against allowing the bill to proceed.

On the Democratic side, Majority Leader Harry Reid (Nev.) voted "no," though only as a procedural tactic so he can bring the legislation up at a later time. Sen. Mark Pryor (D-Ark.), who is one of the most vulnerable Dems facing re-election this year, and who was expected to vote against the measure, missed the vote because of the deadly tornadoes in his home state.

Expect this vote to factor prominently into the midterm messaging war. Seven in ten Americans support hiking the minimum wage to $10.10, and now Democrats have a sharp attack line for their campaign pitch: We tried to do what 70 percent of Americans want to help the middle class, but an uncooperative minority in Congress stopped us. Jon Terbush

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