Everyone knows deciding when to retire "is about more than having enough money," said Michelle Singletary at The Washington Post. There are all sorts of considerations, including your physical health, your future plans for travel or hobbies, and the "mental upheaval" of having so much downtime after decades of work. But you also can't discount the money factor: Unless you're "financially ready" to stop working and have developed "a clear monthly financial plan," experts say, you're unlikely to be successful. Those without a plan often quickly have to seek a job "to make ends meet." That's particularly problematic if you're physically unable to work or can't find a decent job, said Robert Powell at USA Today. Only half of seniors who say they want to continue working are able to, according to the Employee Benefit Research Institute. The rest exit the workforce ahead of schedule because of a job loss, disability, or health care–related issues.
How do you know if you're financially ready to retire? asked Erik Carter at Forbes. Begin by calculating how much income you require to meet your basic needs. Rather than "guestimating" expenses, track the actual amounts over a few months. "Make any adjustments you foresee to your lifestyle (like downsizing or relocating) to create a retirement budget." AARP's website has a helpful calculator for estimating health-care costs. Next, visit the Social Security Administration's website to run a projection on what you'll receive, and consider whether you'll have any other income, such as pensions or money from a rental home. Finally, total your retirement and investment accounts and multiply by 4 percent to determine how much you can safely withdraw each year. Don't forget to consult an online calculator to figure out your state's tax liabilities. It's health care that remains the wild card in any budget, said Alessandra Malito at Market Watch. The average couple that retired in 2018 can expect to fork out more than $280,000 on health care as retirees. "That figure will continue to rise, too."
If you aren't ready to retire yet, making even some small adjustments can "make a big difference later," said Rachel Hartman at US News. Try to maximize your 401(k) contributions, and make sure you are taking advantage of a company's matching policy. If you're over 50, you can contribute up to $24,500 this calendar year. Work quickly to eliminate debt, too. "Making payments on a car loan or credit card debt can use up valuable dollars that could otherwise be invested toward the future." Perhaps most importantly, "set lifestyle goals" for your retirement. Which city do you see yourself residing in? What trips and hobbies will you pursue? Figure out "what you want your retirement to look like," and start making it happen.