Japanese telecommunications company Softbank has announced that it will purchase an ownership stake of 70 percent in Sprint, the U.S.'s third-largest mobile carrier, for $20 billion. It is the biggest-ever overseas acquisition by a Japanese company, and the latest sign of consolidation in the U.S. mobile industry, coming shortly after T-Mobile announced that it would partner with MetroPCS. Here, four takeaways from the Sprint-Softbank merger:

1. This gives Softbank a huge opportunity
"Softbank stands to gain entrance to the U.S. market and capture the growth that's largely disappeared from the oversaturated Japanese market" for cell phones, says Abram Brown at Forbes. Softbank CEO Masayoshi Son, a "risk-taker in Japan's often cautious business circles," is "betting U.S. growth can offer relief from cut-throat competition" in Japan, say Mari Saito, Tim Kelly, and Nicola Leske at Reuters. Son acknowledged that it would be a challenge to enter a new and unfamiliar market, "but not taking this challenge will be a bigger risk," he said.

2. Sprint gets a welcome infusion of cash
The details of the merger are so complicated that "Softbank's news release explaining it contains three flow charts, complete with dotted- and solid-line arrows to show the movement of funds and ownership," say Phred Dvorak and Kana Inagaki at The Wall Street Journal. The bottom line? Sprint "gets an immediate $8 billion cash infusion," says Eric Savitz at Forbes, which will undoubtedly help the carrier expand and improve its 4G network, pay off debts, and even purchase companies that would help it better compete with AT&T and Verizon. "In the wireless business, the bigger you are, the better off you are," says Roger Cheng at CNET.

3. AT&T and Verizon should be a little worried
"AT&T and Verizon are both obvious modest losers here; they now have a bulked up rival," says Savitz. The financial support from Softbank means Sprint can focus on improving its unlimited data plan for smartphones, which is the company's principal distinction from AT&T and Verizon (both companies recently stopped offering unlimited plans to new customers). "No other carrier offers the combination of the iPhone and the unlimited plan," says Cheng, and Sprint can take advantage of that unique offering as long as it can expand its 4G network to more markets.

4. Consumers win
"At this time last year, industry watchers were bracing for a telecom sector 'duopoly' between AT&T and Verizon, as virtually every other carrier struggled to stay afloat in the capital-intensive business of building national networks to handle smartphone data loads," says Antoine Gara at The Street. A viable number-three carrier, as well as the recent merger between T-Mobile and MetroPCS, means "the telecom sector is poised for a resurgence of competition" that will result in lower prices and better options for consumers.

Sources: CNETForbes (2)Reuters, The StreetThe Wall Street Journal