Feature

The Syrian war's economic toll: By the numbers

In two years of conflict, Syria has lost almost 40 percent of its GDP

In just over two years, Syria's civil war has devastated the once relatively safe and thriving Middle Eastern country. One in five schools and one in three hospitals are out of service, and of the total estimated 100,000 deaths, more than a third have been civilians. An additional million or more people have fled Syria's boarders in search of safety.

Though the economic toll pales in comparison to the human toll, the two are inextricably bound. When schools, hospitals, and business are bombed, access to education, health care, and income are strangled, which has a lasting effect on people's lives, impeding their ability to work, produce capital, and build a healthier, wealthier society for future generations.

Though a complete analysis is impossible while the war is still raging, a senior Syrian official released numbers Sunday on the economic toll. As reported by the AP:

6
Percent Syria's economy was growing annually before the conflict began

$60 billion
Syria's gross domestic product in 2010, before the uprising in March 2011

$33 billion
Syria's current GDP

500,000
Unemployed Syrians before the crisis

2.5 million
Unemployed Syrians today

$17 billion
Syria's foreign currency reserves before the conflict began

$4.5 billion
Estimated reserves left today

47
Syrian pounds it took to buy a U.S. dollar in 2010

100
Syrian pounds it takes to buy a U.S. dollars today

9,000
State buildings damaged in the uprising

$15 billion
Estimated loss to the public sector

5
Percent of oil now being produced compared to prewar output

$8 billion
The size of Syria's tourism industry in 2010

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