The Syrian war's economic toll: By the numbers

In two years of conflict, Syria has lost almost 40 percent of its GDP

Dar Al-Shifa hospital
(Image credit: AP Photo/Narciso Contreras)

In just over two years, Syria's civil war has devastated the once relatively safe and thriving Middle Eastern country. One in five schools and one in three hospitals are out of service, and of the total estimated 100,000 deaths, more than a third have been civilians. An additional million or more people have fled Syria's boarders in search of safety.

Though the economic toll pales in comparison to the human toll, the two are inextricably bound. When schools, hospitals, and business are bombed, access to education, health care, and income are strangled, which has a lasting effect on people's lives, impeding their ability to work, produce capital, and build a healthier, wealthier society for future generations.

Though a complete analysis is impossible while the war is still raging, a senior Syrian official released numbers Sunday on the economic toll. As reported by the AP:

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Percent Syria's economy was growing annually before the conflict began

$60 billion

Syria's gross domestic product in 2010, before the uprising in March 2011

$33 billion

Syria's current GDP


Unemployed Syrians before the crisis

2.5 million

Unemployed Syrians today

$17 billion

Syria's foreign currency reserves before the conflict began

$4.5 billion

Estimated reserves left today


Syrian pounds it took to buy a U.S. dollar in 2010


Syrian pounds it takes to buy a U.S. dollars today


State buildings damaged in the uprising

$15 billion

Estimated loss to the public sector


Percent of oil now being produced compared to prewar output

$8 billion

The size of Syria's tourism industry in 2010

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