The children of 9/11

More than 3,000 children lost a parent in the terrorist attacks on September 11. Many are now young adults, who have struggled with both their grief and their association with that terrible day.

September 11, 2001 left many loved ones behind to publicly deal with very private matters.
(Image credit: REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz)

The children of 9/11 are growing up. Fifteen years after that cataclysmic day in 2001, the infants of the time — or those still in their mothers' wombs — are high school age. Then-toddlers are nearing or even starting college. The tweens of 2001 are young adults, and their elder siblings are marking life's milestones: marrying, notching career achievements. Having children of their own.

In the arc of childhood, time bends in strange ways. The Sept. 11 attacks are part of history now. But for young people who lost a parent that day, the pain is ever present.

The attacks killed nearly 3,000 people — aboard the four hijacked airliners, at the World Trade Center, and at the Pentagon. Those people left behind 3,051 children under the age of 18, by the count of survivors' groups. That day marked these youngsters' entry into a cohort of bereavement, an exclusive club that, as more than one of them observed, no one would ever, ever wish to join.

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"You don't want to be that kid, the one everyone knows about," said Francesca Picerno, who had just turned 9 when the towers fell and is now an aspiring musician. Her dad, Matthew Picerno, 44, worked as a municipal bond broker at Cantor Fitzgerald, on the 104th floor of the north tower. He left the family home in Holmdel, New Jersey, that morning and never came back.

Enduring so private a grief in so overwhelmingly public a context left a mark on all of these children. It's braided, they say, into successes and sorrows alike, sometimes in wrenching and unexpected ways. It looms large over every casual encounter with a new acquaintance. It's a built-in identity some rejected — and still do — while others have come to accept and even embrace it.

"You don't want to be defined by it," said Picerno, now a self-possessed 24-year-old, whose professional first name is also her childhood nickname, Ces — what her father and all the family called her. "But it's such a huge part of who you are."

When the towers fell, the world's eyes were on New York City. But the reverberations were also felt with the force of an earthquake in dozens of tranquil suburbs that lay within commuting distance of Manhattan's financial district — communities like Montclair, New Jersey.

Railroad barons made the town, and its welter of train stations — six, in a community of only 38,000 — not only nourished the village-like neighborhoods that coalesced around these transport hubs but also made for a quick journey into the city, 12 miles away, across the river.

On 9/11, that proximity proved fateful. Almost everyone in Montclair — from its blue-collar enclaves to its hilltop mansions — knew someone working in New York that day: friends and neighbors, colleagues, wives and husbands, daughters and sons. Nine men from Montclair died. Seven of them were married, and most of those were fathers, some to very young children.

When Abigail Carter took a telephone call that morning from her husband, Caleb Arron Dack, she was busy at home with 6-year-old Olivia and 2-year-old Carter. With the baby fussing on her hip, she snatched up the phone, annoyed at the interruption.

Even now, 15 years later, she's sometimes haunted by the memory of that little burst of impatience at what was to be their last conversation ever. But then, it had begun as such an ordinary day. There was no reason to think they wouldn't be talking for all their lives.

"Now, I think the hardest thing is just not knowing what you're missing," Carter said. "And at the same time, knowing how much you're missing."

Montclair enfolded her in an embrace she will never forget, she said. Friends sat vigil; strangers offered greetings on her birthday. Bags of bagels and home-cooked meals appeared faithfully on her doorstep for months. "I had to buy a new freezer for all of them," she said, mustering a laugh.

But for all the solace offered, Carter came to feel there was something suffocating about her new identity as a 9/11 widow. In so small a community, she knew that she — and especially her children — would be indelibly associated with immense tragedy, with even well-meaning kindness registering as a constant reminder.

In the end, she chose to make a new life for herself and them, in Seattle. The kids are 17 and 21, and doing well. Carter is in high school; Olivia is away at college, studying neuroscience and considering graduate school.

Lauren Kestenbaum, too, felt the need to leave Montclair not long after 9/11. She was 24 when her father, Howard, was killed — not a child, but not quite a full-fledged adult either, something she says she only recognized long afterward. She was on her way to work at the New York Public Library when the planes hit the towers; from a commuter bus, she saw the smoke rising.

Kestenbaum spent the remainder of her 20s in graduate school, first moving to the Midwest and getting a master's degree in library science, then tackling the rigors of law school at Stanford University. Now she wonders if a grueling stint in academia was an attempt to deflect her loss.

"I was good at being in school, at focusing on goals, on ends," she said. "I think it was a way of coping with what happened — a way of having some order, having some control."

In what might be a means of making peace with the past, she is back in Montclair, working in nearby Newark as a children's legal advocate. Her boyfriend is a friend from childhood who knew her father. Her mother, to whom she remains close, only recently sold the family home, and still lives nearby.

In familiar streets and parks and shops, she can summon happy memories.

"When you lose a parent, at whatever point in life," she said, "it makes you a child again."

And then there are those 9/11 kids who have no recollections of a dead parent. Or what seem like none — though a few tiny, tantalizing shards may lie buried in memory.

Kahleb Fallon was only 7 months old when his mother, Jamie Lynn Fallon, was killed at the Pentagon, where she was a logistics specialist. She had bright red hair, and later, whenever the toddler saw that hue on anyone else's head, he'd point and get excited.

Did he remember that about her? Could he? No one really knows.

Fallon was a 23-year-old single mother with no ties to her baby's father. Her mother, Pat Fallon, cared for Kahleb as his guardian until he was nearly 5. By then, Jamie's older brother Mike, who had married and started a family, felt ready to give his little nephew a home. To become his father.

Now Kahleb is 15 and thriving. He likes "regular-kid stuff," his landscaper father says — sports, video games. Iowa City, with its reserved but warm Midwestern manner, may be the perfect place to raise a youngster who wants, for now, to keep at arm's length a national and family tragedy that is part of him, yet somehow separate.

"He wants to be Joe Normal," Mike said. "You know what it's like to be a teenager."

In the aftermath of the Sept. 11 attacks, the children were at times their elders' despair — and their salvation. Many parents, having lost a spouse or partner, said they doubt they could have gone on without the knowledge of how much their children needed them.

Janice Cohn, a psychotherapist who lives in Montclair and treated a number of widows from surrounding communities and served as consultant to the public schools, said many parents struggled, not only those who had lost a spouse.

"With lots of the children I worked with in school, it was 'How do you make sense of a dangerous world? How do you explain violence and danger in a way that doesn't make them frightened, or paranoid, or mistrustful?'" she said. "We want our kids to be empathetic, to care about others, but on the other hand, it's a dangerous world — how do you strike a balance?"

Abigail Carter, who published a memoir of her young widowhood, remembers those early days as a blur — punctuated only by the urgency of helping her children deal with the loss. "They were both so very aware of it," she said. Her son, only 2, "kept pointing at every building and asking, 'Is Daddy in there?'" Her daughter, who was 6 and had taken in more information, was worryingly silent.

Many children coped well initially with the loss of a parent, but succumbed later on to bouts of depression and even self-harm. Others struggled with friendships, feeling uneasy and gossiped-about, reluctant to divulge their family history as they moved to new towns or new schools, but unable to keep the word from leaking out.

For others, the usual adolescent acting-out — drug or alcohol use, bad judgment — was magnified by an angry sense of abandonment. Some coped badly when their mother or father began dating or eventually remarried.

Ces Picerno was 18 when her mother, who had spent nearly a decade coping with everything from child rearing to family finances to the loss of her own parents, began dating for the first time since Matthew Picerno's death. She regrets that rather than being understanding, she was furious. "I was terrible," she said ruefully.

The two are close now, but spar now and then — tattoos being a prime point of contention. Ces loves hers, especially those that are a tribute to her dad: inked circles on her wrists represent the cuff buttons of his dress shirts, and tattooed on her back is his favorite Frank Sinatra line, from "Summer Wind."

"The world was new beneath a blue umbrella sky," she recited, then closed her eyes and hummed a bit of the melody — remembering another bright morning.

Some who lost parents in the attacks see them, even in their absence, as a powerful influence in their lives. Lauren Kestenbaum toyed for a time with corporate law, a path she eventually realized was wrong for her, and says she is much happier now with her children's advocacy work.

"My father always encouraged me to follow my heart, and at first, without him, that was hard to do," she said.

Ces' older brother Matthew, 27, is to be married next month — the first of the family's three children to wed. When she was little, she said, she had always pictured her father at her own wedding.

After his death, Ces thought she might one day have her two brothers walk her down the aisle. But lately, as she and her longtime boyfriend have talked more about marriage, she had another idea. She asked her mother if she would do it instead.

"She cried," Ces said. "And said yes."

Excerpted from an article that was originally published in the Los Angeles Times. Reprinted with permission.

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