By 1986, Americans had grown used to the miraculous idea that men and women could soar into space. The NASA space program was a point of national pride, the rare government agency that provided good news and exhibited America's technological prowess.
But such blind confidence came to a tragic end on Jan. 28, 1986.
Create an account with the same email registered to your subscription to unlock access.
That day thousands of spectators, dressed for a cold morning, awaited the launch of Space Shuttle Challenger in Cape Canaveral, Florida. Across the country, students were being treated to a similar view thanks to NASA, which had arranged for the mission to be broadcast into hundreds of classrooms in honor of the program's first citizen astronaut, New Hampshire teacher Christa McAuliffe.
For those witnesses, looks of delight and wonder turned to horror just 73 seconds after liftoff when the shuttle tore apart in midair, killing all seven astronauts on board.
Those who missed the live event would be haunted by the eerie sight — two plumes of smoke erupting from a fireball 10 miles above ground — that would be played over and over on network television as the investigation into the disaster played out and a nation mourned.
"This was a trauma to the nation's psyche," Astronaut and former Senator Bill Nelson said of the event. Ronald Reagan canceled his State of the Union address, set for that evening, and instead tried to console a shocked public over their shared loss.
Below, a look back at the fateful day that grounded a nation's space aspirations.