On Wednesday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that people most at risk for contracting HIV take a daily pill that has been shown to prevent being infected by the virus.
The CDC's new guidelines state that the drug regimen pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) should be used by gay men who have sex without condoms, anyone who shares needles or injects drugs, heterosexuals with high-risk partners (such as male bisexuals or an intravenous drug user) who have unprotected sex, and people who regularly have sex with partners who are infected, The New York Times reports. The drug Truvada — a mix of tenofovir and emtricitabine that has few side effects and is already used to treat patients in poor countries — costs $13,000 a year and is covered by most health insurers.
"On average, it takes a decade for a scientific breakthrough to be adopted," Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of the CDC's national center for AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, told The Times. "We hope we can shorten that time frame and increase people's survival."
With condom use down among gay men and the HIV infection rate in the U.S. barely changing in a decade, the CDC felt action was necessary. While the regimen should be used along with condoms, many health officials believe people who take Truvada will stop using them. If broadly followed, The Times reports, the drugs will be prescribed to 500,000 people a year, up from fewer than 10,000 now. Catherine Garcia
On Tuesday's Kelly File, Megyn Kelly had former House Speaker Newt Gingrich on to make the case for Donald Trump, and retired Marine Gen. John Allen — former head of U.S. Central Command — on to discuss why he's supporting Hillary Clinton. If you get to choose between the two as your public advocate, go with Allen.
"I want to ask you, because it is extraordinary to see a general like you come out and get political, what made you do it?" Kelly asked, after playing part of a new Clinton campaign ad starring Allen. The four-star general said he felt it necessary to express his "very clear support for the person I believe utterly should be the next commander in chief." Let's talk about that, Kelly said. Clinton "does have a foreign policy record — unlike Trump," she added, "and it's not... it's far from perfect, let's put it that way."
Clinton supported the Libya intervention, the Iran nuclear deal, "and certainly she underestimated the security threat in Benghazi," Kelly said. "So how can you, as a general serving in the positions you have, support her for commander in chief?" Allen said Clinton "has responded to many of those concerns, particularly Benghazi," and from his many interactions with her in Afghanistan and the Situation Room, "she's calm, she understands international relations, she understands that the influence of America is best exerted through our relationships overseas and through our alliances and parterships."
"But what about Trump and [Russian President Vladimir] Putin?" Kelly asked. "You know, he says he understands that too." Putin is watching this election "very, very closely, Megyn," Allen said, "and when one of the two principal candidates for the president of the United States in fact cheerleads the dissolution of the EU or would talk about not being willing to honor Article 5 of the NATO charter, we've got some real reason for Putin to want to see a particular individual in the Oval Office."
Kelly asked if Putin, a "former KGB guy" is studying Clinton and Trump, and Allen said "there's no question about that. They've got the voice prints, they can tell when someone is agitated, they can tell when someone is angry, they can tell when someone is telling the truth or not telling the truth, and all of this is to ensure that in a crisis, they can push the buttons they think they need to for that crisis to go their way." Peter Weber
Joe Arpaio, the sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona, who has garnered national attention for his hardline approach to dealing with undocumented immigrants, was officially charged on Tuesday with criminal contempt of court.
The Justice Department said two weeks ago that Arpaio, 84, would be charged, but the misdemeanor count was not officially filed until Tuesday. Arpaio is serving his fifth term as sheriff, and is up for re-election in two weeks; if convicted, he could face up to six months in jail. In December 2011, a judge issued a court order that banned Arpaio's deputies from detaining people based only on the suspicion they were an undocumented immigrant and without cause to believe they committed a crime, The Arizona Republic reports. The judge determined two years later that Arpaio's office had racially profiled Latinos, with officers continuing to detain undocumented immigrants for more than a year after the original court order. Arpaio has said he unintentionally defied the order. The trial is set to begin on Dec. 6.
Arpaio's opponent in the sheriff's race, Paul Penzone, called the charge "another example of the sheriff putting his own personal objectives ahead of the best interest of the community at our expense." Arpaio's lawyer, Mel McDonald, said his client will plead not guilty, and they "believe that when the final chapter is written, he will be vindicated." Arpaio has been investigated before, including four years ago when it was alleged he retaliated against two police officers and a judge by accusing them of corruption. So far, Maricopa County taxpayers have had to pay $48 million to defend Arpaio in the racial profiling case, and that number is expected to balloon up to $72 million by next summer, The Associated Press reports. Catherine Garcia
Phil Collins officially un-retired last year, and proved it with a return to the stage in August, a two-song set to kick off the U.S. Open. He is promoting a new memoir, Not Dead Yet, going on tour next summer, and on Tuesday's Tonight Show, he played one of his darkest and arguably his best song, "In the Air Tonight," from his 1981 album, Face Value. Due to nerve damage, Collins can't play the drums himself anymore — his son Nicholas will play on tour — but Jimmy Fallon's house band The Roots backed Collins on Tuesday's show. Collins and his voice have both aged a bit in the 35 years since he first released the song, but the drum fill at the 3:25 mark — Questlove's dramatic entry in the song — is as good as ever, and there are a few tasteful new additions to the instrumentation. Peter Weber
Following South Africa and Burundi, Gambia said Tuesday it will leave the International Criminal Court.
When announcing its exit, the Gambian government called the ICC the "international Caucasian court" and said it is just targeting countries in Africa. The primary mission of the ICC is "to help put an end to impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole, and thus to contribute to the prevention of such crimes." It is based in The Hague, and the chief prosecutor is Gambian Fatou Bensouda.
Of the six ICC cases that are underway or close to starting, only Africans have been charged, but there are preliminary ICC investigations opened in other areas of the world, The Associated Press reports. Under the late Nelson Mandela, South Africa supported the ICC, but the country recently told the U.N. secretary-general it is leaving the court. Burundi did the same last week, when the president signed legislation to exit from the ICC. Catherine Garcia
Samantha Bee talks with female world leaders to learn what nonsense President Hillary Clinton can expect
The United States appears on the verge of electing its first female president, and not everyone's cool with that, Samantha Bee said on Monday's Full Frontal. She illustrated that point with a series of clips of people talking about Hillary Clinton, from Fox News talking heads to people at Donald Trump rallies saying really gross things. "To learn more about the downside of lady leaders," Bee said, she went to meet with former secretary of state, current Clinton supporter, "and fellow nasty woman" Madeleine Albright.
"So, does playing into her woman-ness help Hillary, or does reminding people that she's a woman hurt her chances of winning the election?" Bee asked Albright, after they settled in at a mythical U.N. ladies' lounge. "I think it's very hard to tell, frankly," Albright said, but Trump making disparaging comments on Clinton's voice or looks sort of feeds the beast. "Does this pulsing cancer of misogyny go away, or does it just embolden people, like the racists during Obama's presidency?" Bee asked. "I think that you might ask some of the women heads of state what's happened in their countries," Albright said, reasonably.
"Women heads of state — I forgot other countries have those," Bee said, but she found several who would go on camera with her: Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg, Chilean President Michelle Bachelet, President Hilda Heine of the Marshall Islands, and Croatian President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic. Based on their experiences, a President Hillary could expect a little added indignity in her first few months in office, but nothing worse than she has experienced during the campaign. Still, she should be grateful she doesn't have any celebrity doppelgängers, and it looks like she would get the most respect from her nation if her nation were the Marshall Islands. Watch below. Peter Weber
The Cleveland Indians took Game 1 of the World Series on Tuesday night in Cleveland, beating the Chicago Cubs 6-0 thanks largely to catcher Roberto Perez's bat and starting pitcher Corey Kluber's arm. Kluber faced off against Cubs ace Jon Lester, but while Lester had a rough start, allowing two runs in the first inning thanks to a series of walks and a hit by pitch, Kluber pitched six scoreless innings to earn the win. Perez hit a solo homer in the fourth off Lester, then drove in three more runs with a second homer in the bottom of the eighth.
The Cubs and Indians have a combined 176-year championship drought; the Indians last won the World Series in 1948, and the Cubs in 1908. They meet again for Game 2 on Wednesday night, also in Cleveland. Peter Weber
Megyn Kelly tells Newt Gingrich to work on his 'anger issues' after he says Kelly is 'fascinated by sex'
A testy exchange between Newt Gingrich and Megyn Kelly descended into chaos Tuesday night, ending with Kelly suggesting the former Speaker of the House work on his "anger issues."
On Tuesday night's Kelly File, Gingrich, a Donald Trump surrogate, started his segment by declaring that the media is showing bias against the Republican nominee, and he doesn't trust any of the polls. When Kelly began discussing allegations of sexual misconduct made against Trump, she started her sentence by saying, "If Trump is a sexual predator...." Gingrich jumped in: "He's not a sexual predator! You can't defend that statement!" Kelly said she was not taking a position, and Gingrich was not mollified: "I'm sick and tired of people like you using language that's inflammatory. That's not true."
Kelly told Gingrich neither one of them know if the allegations are true, and his "defensiveness on this might speak volumes." Gingrich then went on the attack, telling Kelly that if "you go back through the tapes of your show recently, you are fascinated by sex. You don't care about public policy." Kelly scoffed at Gingrich, and said the only thing she is fascinated by is the "protection of women and understanding what we're getting in the Oval Office, and I think the American voters would like to know."
That opened up a whole new path for Gingrich, who launched into a tirade against Bill Clinton and demanded that Kelly say the words "Bill Clinton sexual predator." Kelly warned Gingrich that he shouldn't summarily dismiss any of the women who have accused Trump of sexual misconduct, and said The Kelly File has reported on Bill Clinton and the accusations made against him. Clearly irritated, Kelly had the last word: "We're going to leave it at that, and you can take your anger issues and spend some time working on them." Watch the fiery back-and-forth below. Catherine Garcia