Feature

The war in Syria: A brief timeline

America is on the brink of taking military action in Syria. How did we get here?

The United States appears poised to launch missile strikes against the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, which is accused of using chemical weapons to kill hundreds of people near Damascus earlier this month. But this is hardly the beginning of the war. Syria has been consumed by violence for two and a half years. Here, a brief look at how the situation has escalated since 2011.

February 22, 2011Inspired by the uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, 15 teenagers write anti-regime graffiti on the walls of Dara, a small town in southern Syria. They are arrested and thrown into prison.

March 25, 2011Syrian troops fire into a reportedly peaceful demonstration over the teens' February arrests. Several people are killed.

May 18, 2011The United States imposes sanctions on Syria after a month of violent crackdowns by the Assad regime against protesters. Activists say at least 700 people have been killed.

July 31, 2011Tanks roll into the central city of Hama, launching an attack before the first day of Ramadan that activists say kills 80 people, bringing back memories of the 1982 massacre of 20,000 people in the same city by Assad's father.

August 18, 2011"For the sake of the Syrian people, the time has come for President Assad to step aside," says President Barack Obama. The leaders of Britain, France, and Germany join the United States in calling for Assad to resign.

November 12, 2011The Arab League, which includes Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and 20 other countries, votes to suspend Syria's membership and threatens to impose economic and political sanctions if it doesn't stop the ongoing attacks against protesters.

February 4, 2012International officials condemn the "massacre" in the city of Homs after an estimated 300 people are killed by a barrage of artillery fire from Syrian government forces. Shortly thereafter, China and Russia veto a resolution by the U.N. Security Council backing an Arab League peace plan for Syria.

August 21, 2012President Barack Obama says Assad using chemical weapons would be a "red line" that would "change [his] equation" on Syria. Opposition activists put the death toll in the conflict at 20,000.

March 19, 2013Rebels and the Assad regime accuse each other of using chemical weapons to kill 25 people in the Khan al-Assal region north of Aleppo. The White House announces there will be "consequences" if the Syrian government is guilty of the attack. More than 6,000 people are killed in March alone, activists say, making it the bloodiest month since the conflict began.

April 25, 2013The White House says, with "varying degrees of confidence," that it believes the Assad regime "used chemical weapons on a small scale" on March 19.

June 13, 2013The Obama administration announces it will send small arms and ammunition to Syrian rebels. The decision is later debated by Congress over fears that the United States could be arming al Qaeda-linked opposition groups like the Al-Nusra Front.

July 25, 2013The United Nations announces that 100,000 people have been killed and 1.7 million people have been forced to become refugees as a result of the violence.

August 21, 2013Opposition forces claim that hundreds of people are killed in a chemical weapons attack in the Damascus suburb of Ghouta, putting pressure on Obama to act on his "red line" comment. The Syrian government denies using chemical weapons.

August 26, 2013Secretary of State John Kerry says there is enough evidence to "strongly indicate" that the Syrian government had used chemical weapons in Ghouta, calling the attack a "moral obscenity."

Sources: Associated Press, BBC (2), CBC, CBS News, CNN, The Guardian (2)(3), The New York Times (2)(3)(4), Reuters (2)(3)(4)

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