Apple has emerged victorious in what has been called the patent trial of the century. A jury in San Jose, Calif., ordered Samsung to pay $1 billion in damages for copying the iPhone, finding that Samsung's popular line of smartphones aped the iPhone's rectangular shape with rounded edges, as well as its "pinch-to-zoom" feature that allows users to magnify a page with the swipe of two fingers. And it could get worse for the South Korean company: Courts could still jack up the damages to $3 billion and block sales of Samsung products. The verdict has sent shock waves through an industry in which many of the iPhone's designs and features have become the norm, and the case's impact will surely extend beyond Apple's rivalry with Samsung. Here, a brief rundown of the key winners and losers:


In addition to the monetary hit and possible sales injunction, Samsung "will be forced to quickly design around Apple's patents in its current and upcoming devices," says Farhad Manjoo at Pando Daily — or potentially "pay a steep licensing fee." And Apple's innovations, such as the pinch-to-zoom function, are so common that Samsung's future phones may seem like "cars with square or triangular steering wheels," says Nick Wingfield at The New York Times

"There was an elephant in the courtroom" when Apple won its case, and "its name is Google," says Philip Elmer-DeWitt at CNN Money. Before he died, Steve Jobs vowed to wage "thermonuclear war" on any smartphone that used Google's Android operating system, and Apple's victory against Samsung is just the first battle in that fight. While Google doesn't earn any direct revenue from Android, giving it to smartphone makers for free, it does rely "on Android to drive mobile traffic to its search engine and services to sell more advertising," says Paul Elias at The Associated Press. "If Android loses any ground in the mobile computing market, that would hurt Google."

Other smartphone makers
"Ultimately, the Apple-Samsung roadshow is just the main attraction in the global smartphone patent wars," says Steve Lohr at The New York Times. Other likely litigants include "Microsoft, Nokia, HTC, Google's Motorola Mobility subsidiary, and others." Apple's victory means that its hand is strengthened in all its rivalries, and other phone makers could soon find themselves in Apple's sights.

Apple is trying to "create an unprecedented monopoly" in the smartphone sector, which is bad news for consumers who want choice and competition, says Dan Gillmor at Britain's Guardian. Apple's strategy will "thwart innovation and the iterative process that sees all tech companies build on the successes of the past." In addition, consumers can soon expect an "Apple tax" as Samsung and others bump up costs so that they can license Apple's patents, says Spencer E. Ante at The Wall Street Journal. Moreover, the sheer cost of the litigation wars could cause all prices to rise "and reduce the number of gadgets on the market," say Jessica E. Vascellaro and Don Clark at The Journal.


"On almost every point that mattered," the jury "gave Apple what it wanted," says Gillmor. If this trend continues, "Apple's financial dominance in smartphones… and overwhelming dominance in the tablet market could be insurmountable." Consumers have grown accustomed to Apple's designs, allowing it to "lock down our future computing and communications in the newest frontier of smartphones and tablets." 

Sure, Samsung could lose as much as $3 billion, says Manjoo. But that's a drop in the bucket compared to what it earned by copying Apple — around $25 billion. Imitating Apple "didn't just result in monster profits. It also helped Samsung earn a reputation, among consumers and tech reviewers, as a company that can make compelling devices." Unlike other companies that either ignored or tried to out-innovate Apple, Samsung rode on its coattails to great success, and became the world's number-one seller of smartphones. Samsung can now build on its early success to build "legitimately innovative things."

Apple's victory could "give its rivals a kick in the pants to create more original products," says Wingfield. Indeed, "perhaps we could be pleasantly surprised by the influx of diversity" that the case will bring to the smartphone market, says Christina Bonnington at Wired.

Sources: The Associated PressCNN Money, The GuardianThe New York Times (2)Pando Daily, The Wall Street Journal (2), Wired