It's called the living room, but in the modern house, it's typically the room least likely to be lived in, says Joan DeJean in The New York Times. Why is this case? DeJean, a professor of romance languages at the University of Pennsylvania, and the author of The Age of Comfort: When Paris Discovered Casual — and the Modern Home Began, examines the notion of the "living room," how it's changed over the last four centuries, and how the very concept may be disappearing. Here's an excerpt:
In 1691, in the first edition of what was to become a hugely influential architectural manual, “Lessons of Architecture,” Charles Augustin d’Aviler drew a distinction between formal display spaces and a new kind of room, spaces that were “less grand.” D’Aviler used an unusual phrase to describe these new rooms: “le plus habité” — literally the most lived in. This marked the first time that an architect discussed the notion of living rooms, rooms intended for everyday life....
...[But today] many living rooms are still display spaces — designed to showcase, for example, a collection of architect-designed furniture that is hardly intended for casual use. Some homes have a grand living room that gets only occasional use, while ordinary social activities take place in a smaller room with another name like family room or rec room. And in many homes, people socialize in the kitchen, while the living room, even if it’s not intended to make a design statement, gets almost no regular use.
Why is it that the one room whose name honors everyday life is so often a place where we do as little living as possible?