Border Crisis
July 22, 2014

On Monday, as expected, Texas Gov. Rick Perry (R) announced in Austin that he plans to send 1,000 National Guard troops to the state's border with Mexico, to be a "force multiplier" for Operation Strong Safety, a state operation Perry initiated last month that includes sending state troopers to the border to help local law enforcement deal with an influx of Central American children and families in recent months. Processing and housing the children and teenagers has tied up U.S. Border Patrol agents.

The deployment of National Guard troops will cost an estimated $12 million a month, on top of the $1.3 million Texas is already spending on its state operation each week. Perry didn't say how he planned to pay for that, though state officials at his press conference said they'll ask the federal government to pick up the bill.

It's also not clear what exactly the 1,000 National Guard troops will do in the Rio Grande Valley. "If we were asked to, we could detain people," Texas Adjutant Gen. John Nichols said at Perry's briefing. "But we're not planning on that. We're planning on referring and deterring." A Texas National Guard spokeswoman later added that the guard forces "will not exceed their authorities," and will be operating under the "umbrella" of the state police.

State and local law enforcement can't detain people based solely on their immigration status, but they can tell the Border Patrol about people they suspect are in the U.S. illegally.

The Obama White House says it is open to deploying National Guard troops for humanitarian purposes as part of the president's $3.7 billion border package proposal. But it doesn't seem too excited about the idea as a standalone plan and suggested that Perry is motivated by political concerns at least as much as public safety. Perry, widely expected to run for president again in 2016, spent last weekend in Iowa, his fourth visit to the first-presidential-contest state in eight months. Here's an excerpt from Perry's announcement:

And below is a brief analysis from The Wall Street Journal. --Peter Weber

study says
1:13 p.m. ET
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The U.S. saw its highest level of terrorism-related arrests since September 2001 this year, a study released Tuesday reveals. Through a review of social media accounts and legal documents, researchers at George Washington University found that 56 individuals were arrested in 2015 for either supporting ISIS or plotting to assist the extremist group. "The individuals range from hardened militants to teenage girls, petty criminals, and college students," GWU's director of the program on extremism Lorenzo Vidino told The New York Times. "The diversity is staggering."

That diversity, Vidino suggests, is exactly why identifying and monitoring potential terrorist threats can be such a challenge for law enforcement agencies. "For law enforcement, it's extremely difficult to determine who makes a big leap from keyboard jihadist to doing something," Vidino said.

The average age of the Americans arrested was 26, though individuals ranged from a 15-year-old boy to a 47-year-old former Air Force officer. The overwhelming majority of arrests made were American citizens or permanent residents. An estimated 40 percent of those arrested were converts to Islam and over half of those arrested had attempted to travel abroad.

The FBI has about 900 open inquiries into activity related to ISIS. Becca Stanek

This just in
12:57 p.m. ET
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An explosion near a major subway station in Istanbul, Turkey injured at least five people, with some reports suggesting that the blast resulted from a handmade bomb. "The cause of the explosion is not known. We are assessing every possibility," Istanbul Gov. Vasip Sahin said.

Hurriyet newspaper and the Dogan news agency reported that the blast was the result of a bomb; the local mayor of the Bayrampaşa district, where the blast took place, also called the explosion the result of an bomb. An earlier report from Reuters suggested the explosion was caused by a power transformer.

Kurdish rebels have been responsible for several bombings in Istanbul in the past year. The Islamic State has also carried out attacks near the Syrian border as well as in the capital, Ankara. Jeva Lange

This just in
12:42 p.m. ET
Scott Olson/Getty Images

Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel fired Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy Tuesday, less than a week after officials released dashcam video footage showing white police officer Jason Van Dyke shooting black teenager Laquan McDonald 16 times. The department had refused for over a year to release the video, which has since led to Van Dyke being charged with murder and sparked protests and demands for reform.

Emanuel hired McCarthy in 2011 to take over the city's law enforcement. The mayor has also requested a "top to bottom" review of the city's police department. Becca Stanek

fowl language
10:56 a.m. ET

You might want to skip getting your true love a partridge or a pair of turtle doves this season if you don't want to break the bank: This year's "12 Days of Christmas" price index, which totals the cost of all the items named in the song, is the most expensive yet. Oddly, the birds are to blame for the .6 percent price increase from 2014, while items like gold rings didn't change in cost (a surprise to economists, who saw the value of gold dip this year).

The cost of partridges rose an entire 25 percent over 2014 due to the bird's "growing popularity as a gourmet food and in backyard farming," according to PNC Wealth Management, who produces the list. A partridge, then, will run you about $25 — the pear tree you stick it in costs $189.99, only a 1.2 percent increase over last year by comparison. The price of turtle doves was additionally up 11.5 percent due to increased grain prices, costing $290 for the pair.

This year, the cost of all the items named in the "12 Days of Christmas" would total $34,130.99, up from $33,933.22 in 2014. Online purchases of the items in 2015 would be higher, at $43,626.73 once it's all said and done. Jeva Lange

Your tax dollars at work
10:44 a.m. ET
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Following in the annual tradition of former Oklahoma Sen. Tom Coburn, current Oklahoma Sen. James Lankford has released a list of 100 "federal fumbles" — questionable and sometimes comical spending decisions made by the government this year.

The football-themed report targets expenses like a silent production of Shakespeare, energy-efficient dishwashers that used so little water they had to run two cycles to work, llama showcasing regulations, and marketing for raisins. Headlining the list is the $43 million spent on a single gas station in Afghanistan, an expenditure which was lambasted in a report by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction in November.

"Cited here are not only prime examples of wasteful spending, but also federal departments or agencies that regulate outside the scope of the federal government's constitutional role," Lankford wrote in the introduction. "I firmly believe my staff and I have the obligation to solve the troubles of our nation, not just complain, which is why for every problem identified, you will also find a recommended solution." Bonnie Kristian

Box office report
10:36 a.m. ET

If Forbes' "Hollywood's Biggest Turkeys of 2015" list is any indication, not even an A-list star can guarantee a movie will make money at the box office.

The year's biggest financial flop was Bill Murray's Rock the Kasbah, which features Murray as a "washed-up tour manager [who] finds himself in Kabul trying to turn a young Afghani woman into a TV singing competition winner." The film grossed $2.9 million on an estimated $15 million budget — meaning it made back only 19 percent of the money that it cost to produce.

Murray was far from the only A-lister with a flop on his hands this year. Sean Penn's The Gunman ranks second-least profitable, with only a 27 percent return rate. Also on the list are Chris Hemsworth's Blackhat, Bradley Cooper and Emma Stone's Aloha, and Johnny Depp's Mortdecai:

1. Rock the Kasbah (19 percent return)
2. The Gunman (27 percent)
3. Blackhat (28 percent)
4. Unfinished Business (41 percent)
5. Jem and the Holograms (46 percent)
6. Self/Less (47 percent)
7. American Ultra (55 percent)
8. We Are Your Friends (60 percent)
9. Aloha (71 percent)
10. Mortdecai (79 percent)
11. Pan (80 percent)
12. Hot Tub Time Machine 2 (94 percent)
13. Jupiter Ascending (104 percent)
14. Tomorrowland (110 percent)
15. Crimson Peak (114 percent)


These 15 flops aside, 2015 has been a really good year for box office sales. Forbes reports that this year's sales are projected to hit record levels and top $11 billion for the first time in industry history. According to IMDb's estimates, the year's number-one earning movie was Jurassic World, which raked in a whopping $652 million — nearly 225 times Rock the Kasbah's earnings. Becca Stanek

10:21 a.m. ET
TIM SLOAN/AFP/Getty Images

A bipartisan majority of the House of Representatives is expected to pass a bill this week repealing key elements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the Bush-era education program that has been widely criticized for its transfer of educational authority to the federal government and emphasis on standardized testing.

The new bill is called the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), and it will continue standardized testing but return significant discretion in these programs to the states. The federal government will also be completely removed from the teacher evaluation process, in contrast with the NCLB waiver program.

ESSA has been endorsed by the National Governor's Association, and it is anticipated to pass in the Senate and win the president's signature by the end of 2015. See more details of what the bill will entail here. Bonnie Kristian

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