foreign affairs
May 13, 2014
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A controversial bill in Iraq, proposed by former Justice Minister Hassan al-Shammari and passed by the cabinet, would allow girls to be considered adults at age 9 and thus able to marry, NPR reports.

Known as the Jaafari law (after a school of Islam of the same name), it still has to make its way through the parliament. No action will likely be taken until after Iraq forms its new government, following last month's elections. If passed, the law will be voluntary and will only apply to the country's Shia Muslim majority.

Those who oppose the law say that despite some new freedoms in Iraq — more travel opportunities and internet access, for example — women's rights are not moving forward and conservative religious politics are becoming more mainstream. "We know the state of women in Iraq is getting worse, despite the intellectual openness that women had benefited from following the American occupation and the removal of the regime," lawyer Fawzia al-Babakhan told NPR.

In the end, the law is unlikely to be passed — it was likely an electoral overture to conservative Shiites — but it is still unsettling to radio host Ahlam al-Obeidi. "We are a society plagued by patriarchal attitudes and outdated tribal laws, which are all conducive to violence against women," she said to NPR. "This is not marriage, but rather the selling and buying of young women." --Catherine Garcia

Supreme Court
10:14 a.m. ET
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Supreme Court Justices said Tuesday that they will weigh in on a dispute between unions and California teachers who are contesting public employees' requirement to pay union dues. The teachers believe that it's a violation of their First Amendment rights to be required to pay fees to a union if they disagree with its positions, or are not members of it.

As the 38-year-old law stands now, unions can require non-members to pay union dues for the purpose of collective bargaining costs, so long as those collected fees are not used for for political purposes. If the Supreme Court rules in favor of the teachers, the power of public employee unions to collect fees would be limited, which union officials worry could weaken unions and jeopardize membership. Becca Stanek

Nuclear negotiations
10:08 a.m. ET
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Iran has converted "a substantial amount" of enriched uranium — a material that is crucial to the production of nuclear weapons — into a material that can't be used to make a bomb, The Associated Press reports. This reduction, which was "a key condition of a preliminary nuclear agreement" reached in November 2013, is expected to be officially announced Wednesday by the International Atomic Energy Agency, diplomats tell the AP.

Today is the deadline for a more comprehensive nuclear deal with Iran, although both U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif have agreed to extend the conversation as a deal draws nearer. An agreement would curb Iran's nuclear program in exchange for world powers lifting economic sanctions against the country. Jeva Lange

we'll never be royals
9:59 a.m. ET

More than 500 million fan votes have been cast for Major League Baseball's All-Star Game and the Kansas City Royals still dominate the American League field, with five players hanging on to spots — and that's knocked down from eight players two weeks ago.

"Prepare for the apocalypse," the Washington Post warned yesterday. "We're one week closer to a Royals-vs.-the-National League Midsummer Classic."

A whole 40 million more votes have been cast for Kansas City players this year as compared to last. Bob Bowman, the president and CEO of MLB Advanced Media, told the Washington Post that, overall, 2015 could see the most votes ever cast for the All-Star Game.

The Midsummer Classic will be held on July 14 in Cincinnati, and voting closes Thursday (you can submit your ballot here). Royals fans, don't forget — you can vote up to 35 times. Jeva Lange

Things are looking up
9:04 a.m. ET
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Last week was very good for President Obama — and his approval rating reflects it. For the first time in more than two years, Obama has the approval of 50 percent of Americans, a new CNN/ORC poll finds. That's a five percentage point climb since the May CNN/ORC poll, when 45 percent approved of the president's work and 52 percent disapproved. This month, only 47 percent disapproved, which is the second time in two years that Obama's disapproval rating has fallen below 50 percent.

Obama's popularity bump follows a week in which the Supreme Court ruled in favor of ObamaCare and same-sex marriage — two defining issues of Obama's presidency. The president also delivered what some are hailing as his most important and moving speech in years, when he gave the eulogy at Rev. Clementa Pinckney's funeral and then sang "Amazing Grace" on national television. Becca Stanek

Rock or Bust
9:00 a.m. ET
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Apple Music launches today, adding to a glut of hyped-up but not-so-revolutionary streaming services that have popped up over the last several years (Re/code has already deemed Apple's endeavor "rich, robust — but confusing"). However, give Apple credit where it's due: They've convinced many longtime skeptics of streaming to sign on (see: Taylor Swift, Dr. Dre).

But perhaps most exciting of all, infamous Luddites AC/DC have now announced their decision to join the world of streaming services.

AC/DC was one of the last major groups to go digital at all, only joining iTunes in 2012. Guitarist Angus Young has told Britain's Sky News in the past that the group was primarily concerned about listeners breaking up the albums when listening digitally — that is, picking and choosing tracks and singles rather than soaking up, say, Back in Black in all its collective glory.

Love "Highway to Hell" but still not convinced of Apple Music's merits? Not to worry: AC/DC will be bringing their rock 'n' roll train to Spotify and Rdio, too. Jeva Lange

This just in
8:38 a.m. ET
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France's chief public prosecutor has announced the country will pursue terrorism charges against Yassin Salhi, 35, the suspect accused of beheading his boss and attempting to blow up a gas plant last Friday. Salhi has claimed that the attack was unmotivated by his alleged connections to Islamist militants and instead the result of "personal problems," Reuters reports.

Last Friday, the head of Salhi's boss was discovered chained to a fence outside the plant and Islamist flags were also found at the site. Salhi is believed to have killed his boss during a delivery, then driven to the gas plant, where he was captured.

"Yassin Salhi beheaded his victim and pinned his head on the fence to seek maximum publicity for his act," Prosecutor Francois Molins said, citing similar executions performed by the Islamic State. Jeva Lange

Bush 3.0
8:34 a.m. ET
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On the final day of the fundraising quarter, Jeb Bush will reveal more than just how much money he's raised in his presidential campaign. He'll also offer the public a look into his personal finances. Bush's campaign confirmed Tuesday that the former Florida governor is poised to release 33 years of personal income tax returns, which Time reports is "a new record in American politics." Previous to Bush's upcoming release, former Sen. Bob Dole (R) held the record for his 1996 release of 30 years of tax returns.

Bush's release is intended to underscore his commitment to transparency. This will be the first time he has offered a glimpse into his finances in over a decade. Bush has since launched at least three private equity funds and joined multiple corporate boards — although he severed all official ties to them after entering the presidential race. Becca Stanek

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