Feature

France's 'crippling' strikes: By the numbers

The protests have brought the French economy to its knees, and all over a 24-month extension of the retirement age

The strikes that have "crippled" France for the past two weeks look to be winding down now that the government has approved President Nicolas Sarkozy's controversial pension-plan overhaul, which triggered the unrest. Even so, another general strike on Thursday is grounding flights, halting trains, and shutting down gas stations. (Watch a Russia Today report about the strikes.) Here are some of the numbers behind the protesters' two-week battle with the French government over pension reform:

1.1 million Number of people who took to the streets to protest Sarkozy's bill, according to the police

3.5 million Number of people who took to the streets to protest Sarkozy's bill, according to the labor unions

379 Number of schools shut down by students skipping class to join protests

10,000 tonsAmount of garbage piled up on the streets of Marseilles as of Oct. 26. Garbage collectors were on strike for two weeks.

12Number of oil refineries closed at the height of the protests. There are only 12 refineries in the country.

5Number of oil refineries that reopened following government approval of the bill

3,000Number of gas stations reported to have run dry during the oil refinery strikes

5Number of days during which France's labor unions have held general strikes, effectively shutting down the country. Several industry sectors have held rolling strikes. A sixth general strike is proposed for Nov. 6.

5 percentShare of French workers who are members of a labor union

$560 millionAmount the strikes and protests are costing the French economy each day

69 percentShare of the French population opposing President Sarkozy's pension bill

29 percentSarkozy's approval rating, the lowest ever recorded for a French president

9.7 percentFrance's jobless rate, almost exactly the same as that of the U.S. (9.6 percent)

62The minimum age at which French government employees can now retire. Sarkozy's bill raised it two years from 60. Workers will not be able to get a full pension until they turn 67, up from 65.

$14.7 billionCurrent shortfall in France's state pension fund. One out of 10 pensions is paid for through government borrowing.

$68 billionProjected shortfall in French pension funds by 2020 without a change in policy

$500 billionCurrent shortfall in California's public pension fund

$1 trillion to $3 trillionCurrent shortfall in combined U.S. state pensions, according to a study by the University of Chicago

Sources: Daily Mail, Business Week, Christian Science Monitor, CNN, Wall Street Journal, Reuters

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