Why religion will dominate the 21st century

Religious disaffiliation may be growing in America, but the rest of the world is a different story

Religion
(Image credit: REUTERS/Damir Sagolj)

One of the most common assumptions is that religiosity is linked to economic and technological underdevelopment. As a society gets more technologically and economically advanced, the thinking goes, religiosity naturally fades away and is replaced by a more secular worldview.

Exhibit A is usually Western Europe, which grew more secular as it grew richer (and much, much more violent) across the 19th and 20th centuries. Exhibit B is the world's most religious continent — Africa — which happens to be its poorest.

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