Civil Rights' most harrowing year
In 1963, racial tensions came to a head in Birmingham. The results changed the course of history.
College student Dorothy Bell, 19, of Birmingham, Alabama, waits in a downtown lunch counter for service that never came. She was later arrested with 20 other demonstrators.
Al Hibbler, right, leads a line of sign-carrying demonstrators downtown.
A police officer frisks a demonstrator following his arrest for an attempted sit-in at a downtown lunch counter.
A 6-year-old girl waits for a policeman to take her name before she is led away to a police truck. More than 450 school children were arrested for protesting against racial discrimination.
Young demonstrators sit on the sidewalk with hands behind their heads as high-pressure hoses are turned on their backs during a demonstration.
Police lead a group of young students to jail after they are arrested for protesting against racial discrimination near city hall.
A 17-year-old civil rights demonstrator is attacked by a police dog.
Teenage girls sit around in clusters in a building at the city fairgrounds where they are being held as wards of the juvenile court.
A young woman is sprayed by a fireman's hose as an anti-segregation march is broken up by police.
A stream of water from a high-pressure hose hits demonstrators as they protested segregation measures in the city.
The blast from the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing damaged cars parked in the street and blew out the windows from the stores.
The family of Carol Robertson, a 14-year-old girl killed in the church bombing, attend graveside services for her in Birmingham.