March 14, 2016

New York City public schools have been evaluating students' weight on their report cards for a decade, including a BMI number, a weight percentile, and a designation indicating whether they're at a healthy weight or not. That hasn't helped students lose weight, a Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences study out Monday shows.

In fact, the average overweight girl gained more weight than her lighter peers.

Similar studies have been carried out based on high schools in other areas, but AP reports the New York City study so far is the best evidence to suggest the National Institute of Medicine's recommended in-school BMI measuring doesn't work as planned due to the large number of kids tracked: 1.1 million. Julie Kliegman

11:05 p.m. ET
Ulrich Perrey/DPA/Getty Images

Sharbat Gula grabbed the world's attention in 1985, when a haunting portrait of the young Afghan girl appeared on the cover of National Geographic magazine. Today, she's facing a fine and up to 14 years in jail, after officials in Pakistan say she was arrested for carrying false identity papers.

Gula allegedly applied for an identity card in April 2014, using the name Sharbat Bibi, the BBC reports. The UN says there are 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees in Pakistan, and it's believed there are 1 million who are not registered. Pakistani officials claim thousands of Afghan refugees are in the country using false names in order to stay out of the computerized system, and they have discovered 60,675 fraudulent ID cards on non-nationals. Gula was arrested in Peshawar, near the border with Afghanistan.

Photographer Steve McCurry snapped the famous photo of Gula and her piercing green eyes in 1984, when she was 12 years old and living in a refugee camp in northwest Pakistan, during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. The National Geographic cover became iconic, and McCurry went on a 17-year search to find Gula, finally tracking her down in 2002 in a remote Afghan village, where she lived with her husband and three daughters. On his Instagram page, McCurry posted that he heard about Gula's arrest, and is "committed to doing anything and everything possible to provide legal and financial support for her and her family. I object to this action by the authorities in the strongest possible terms. She has suffered throughout her entire life, an her arrest is an egregious violation of her human rights." Catherine Garcia

10:02 p.m. ET

Rep. Jason Chaffetz isn't getting any head pats for his decision to "not defend or endorse" Donald Trump while still voting for him.

After the Access Hollywood recording featuring Trump making vulgar comments about women came out earlier this month, the Utah Republican said he could "no longer in good conscience endorse this person for president. It is some of the most abhorrent and offensive comments that you can possibly imagine." Later, he went on MSNBC and told Lawrence O'Donnell, "How in the world could I look my 15-year-old daughter in the eye and say, honey you know what your dad endorses Donald Trump for president, and I can't do the end of the day I've got to look at myself in the mirror and say, I call balls and strikes as I see them, and you know what, no matter which party, if you're going to act like that and that's how you think, you're not gonna get my endorsement, you're not gonna get my support. I hope we do that on both sides of the aisle. It's just wrong, and we've got to call it out as wrong."

On Twitter Wednesday night, Chaffetz — whose handle @jasoninthehouse sounds like a Disney Channel show from the '90s — announced that he will vote for Trump because "HRC is that bad. HRC is bad for the USA." This didn't sit well with many in the media, including Business Insider's Josh Barro, who told Chaffetz he is a "pathetic, craven hack," The Huffington Post's Sam Stein, who asked him to "explain where the line is between endorsing and voting for someone," and The New Republic's Jeet Heer, who said Chaffetz could "play with words all you want; if you vote for Trump and encourage others to, you are endorsing him. He's on you." Chaffetz is also receiving 140-characters worth of flack from constituents and other random Twitter users, calling him a "shell of a man," a "coward," and "pathetic." Have fun reading your mentions for the next few days, Congressman! Catherine Garcia

9:00 p.m. ET
Omar Haj Kadour/AFP/Getty Images

Rescue workers in the rebel-held Idlib province in Syria say at least 26 people, mostly schoolchildren, were killed Wednesday in air strikes conducted by either Syrian or Russian warplanes.

The Syrian Civil Defense group said on Facebook the attack was against a residential area and school in the village of Haas, near Aleppo, with 20 children among the dead. The monitoring group Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said several locations were hit in Haas, including an elementary school and a middle school, killing one teacher and 15 children.

On Syrian state television, a military source was quoted as saying several militants were killed in the air strikes, but did not mention children. In a statement, Anthony Lake, the head of UNICEF, said if the attack was deliberate, "it is a war crime." Catherine Garcia

7:58 p.m. ET
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With the battle for Mosul still underway in Iraq, the U.S. and allies are already looking ahead to their next big fight: taking control of Raqqa, Syria, from the Islamic State.

Raqqa is the terror group's de facto capital, and there is a sense of "urgency" to capturing the town, Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend, the U.S. commander in Iraq and Syria, said. "Intelligence feeds tell us there is significant external operations planning taking place, centralized in Raqqa," he said, without elaborating on the plots. The U.S. is still training local forces whose assistance is needed to take over and hold the city, and also trying to figure out how to get Turkey and Kurdish YPG fighters, known enemies, to work together in the operation.

Secretary of Defense Ash Carter said the Raqqa fight will start "within the next few weeks," and there are enough resources to fight for Mosul and Raqqa at the same time. "Yes, there will be overlap, and that's part of our plan and we are prepared for that," he said Tuesday. "And second, there's no delay. This is proceeding on plan, even as Mosul is proceeding on plan." The U.S. anticipates the fight for Raqqa will take longer than the battle for Mosul; that offensive began last week, with Iraqi forces making their way through smaller villages as they head to Iraq's second-largest city, held by ISIS since 2014. Townsend also said ISIS is using drones in a "constant and creative" way; while they typically use them for reconnaissance, during one incident, they pretended a drone was crashing in order to lure the enemy into an explosion, The Guardian reports. Catherine Garcia

6:36 p.m. ET
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Fox News on Wednesday released its latest poll, showing Hillary Clinton ahead of Donald Trump by three points, within the margin of error of the poll of likely voters.

Clinton leads Trump 44 to 41 percent, down from last week when she was up six points. In a four-way race between Clinton, Trump, Libertarian Gary Johnson, and the Green Party's Jill Stein, Trump's biggest supporters are white evangelical Christians (+56) and whites without a college degree (+28), while Clinton's are blacks (+77), unmarried women (+27), voters under 30 (+18) and women (+10). Clinton is seen as being better to handle foreign policy (+15 points), immigration (+3), and terrorism (+3), with the economy viewed as Trump's strength (+4). Less than half of likely voters see Trump as being qualified to be president (46 percent) and more than half don't trust his judgment in a crisis (56 percent). Catherine Garcia

4:58 p.m. ET

Two earthquakes shook central Italy on Wednesday, the U.S. Geological Survey has confirmed. The first quake measured at a 5.4 magnitude and was followed up just a few hours later with a stronger, 6.0-magnitude earthquake. Though the quakes' epicenters were near the cities of Visso and Perugia, buildings and windows in Rome — nearly 100 miles to the south — were reportedly rattled by the shaking.

The central Italian regions hit by the quake are reportedly suffering from power outages and structural damage, but there are not yet any known injuries or casualties. The tremors hit the same area of Italy that was shaken in August by a 6.2-magnitude earthquake, which ravaged towns and killed nearly 300 people. Becca Stanek

4:54 p.m. ET

Muskets went out of fashion in the mid-19th century, when the smoothbore weapons gave way to the muzzle-loading rifle. But former Rep. Joe Walsh, who represented Illinois' 8th district as a Republican congressman from 2011 to 2013, plans to arm himself with the erstwhile firearm for the inevitable insurrection, should Donald Trump lose to Hillary Clinton in November:

If you're not swayed by Walsh's call to arms, perhaps you'd like to go to battle with Jake Tapper instead? Kimberly Alters

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