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"How do you know that you are financially ready to handle the responsibility of starting a family?" asked Denise Hill at Wise Bread. Having children is a "life-altering decision," and the first step is understanding that it's a lifetime commitment, emotionally and financially. Although there's no single "magic income or savings number" that will determine whether you're prepared, it's smart to commit to several targets. Begin by tackling any credit card and student loan debt and trying to cut extraneous costs and unnecessary luxuries. "Having a family is a sacrificial endeavor," so the sooner you understand "you can't have it all and do it all," the better. A top priority should be to establish an emergency fund with at least six months of living expenses. That will provide you with a foundation of security, since "things rarely go exactly as planned" when a child comes along.

Having a family "is one of the most exciting decisions you will ever make, but like any major investment, it requires a plan," said Candace Sjogren at Entrepreneur. Most health insurance plans don't cover fertility treatments, so you can avoid significant "heartburn and arguments" by simply having a hard look at your savings and financing options to ensure you can cover costs. It's estimated that couples can face an extra $2,000 to $5,000 in fertility-related costs for each year a woman ages beyond 30. My partner and I spent $27,000 on fertility treatments, and our lack of planning meant "each expense hit us like a separate ton of bricks." Whether you require such treatment or not, this is also a good moment to educate yourself on your health insurance policy — how it works and what it covers. Have a look, too, at what paternity and maternity leave benefits your employer offers, said Aimee Picchi at USA Today. Many parents face "tough decisions about balancing work and family," particularly in the early stages of their child's life.

Another tip for soon-to-be parents: Review your life insurance policy, and if you don't have one yet, get one, said Matthew Helfrich at Kiplinger. Update your beneficiaries and ensure that your policy sufficiently covers potential "education spending, debt elimination, and salary replacement" needs in the event of your early death. Make sure your child is promptly added to your health insurance, and begin constructing a budget that factors in potential child-care costs, kids' activities, and recurring items such as diapers. The average cost of raising a child in the U.S. to age 17 is $233,610 — a figure that doesn't include college, so your long-term savings strategy should incorporate a college fund. "The first nine months are just the tip of the iceberg — they represent the beginning of a lifetime's worth of financial decisions."