For decades, entering a pachinko hall in Japan meant you were immediately accosted by the smell of wafting cigarette smoke, the sound of thousands of rattling silver balls, and the sight of row upon row of (mostly male) gamblers sitting patiently, waiting for the big score.
The country's modified pinball game first popped up in the mid-1940s, and its popularity quickly caught on. In the years since, Japan would come to have more than 12,500 pachinko halls across the country.
Regular players have been known to supplement their income with their winnings. The most avid ones even quit their day jobs to focus on pachinko. There, in the brightly lit, colorful halls, gamers learn tricks such as tracking new machines, which are known to offer up more wins in their first few days to entice new fans.
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The game is not only a national obsession but also an incredibly profitable business. Japan's halls rake in four times as many earnings as all of the world's legal casino gambling, according to the BBC.
But in the face of competition from casinos, and a younger population that smokes less and increasingly uses smartphone gaming apps, pachinko's popularity has waned. The era of finishing work and heading for a parlor to sit back, zone out, and try to win big may be coming to a close.
Pachinko businesses are trying to woo the next generation with the amenities younger people crave. The industry has introduced smoke-free zones to some halls. Some parlors are creating more women-friendly environments, promising quieter atmospheres, cheaper buy-ins, and even targeted prizes such as purses.
It may be too late for an industry battling back against new technologies, but when the game's a gamble, calling it quits is not an option.
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