Last week, Sens. Tom Udall (D-N.M.) and Jon Tester (D-Mt.) proposed a constitutional amendment — no, that was not a typo, they actually want to amend the United States Constitution — to overturn the Supreme Court's decision in Citizens United. Since the Supreme Court passed Citizens United in 2010 — allowing unrestricted political contributions from corporations, unions, and other organizations — liberals have howled about a supposed landslide of corporate cash into U.S. elections. But that simply hasn't happened.
To scrap Citizens United, the two senators hope to grant Congress (i.e. themselves) what amounts to unchecked power to determine how people may use their own money to fund politics. The idea is not entirely new. Udall has been proposing the amendment annually since the court handed down its decision, and the president has suggested amending the Constitution to overturn Citizens United.
Thankfully, the amendment has a zero percent chance of ever finding its way into our founding document. But the proposal reveals the depth of the liberal fascination with what I will describe as the Citizens United myth. For all the fear inspired by this myth, virtually every single piece of evidence that has come forth since the Supreme Court handed down its decision has suggested that liberal fears of Citizens United are a product of irrational fear rather than sound reasoning. Nevertheless, the Citizens United myth persists.
Politico's Byron Tau recently detailed the results of a survey of 151 PAC staffers from corporate and trade associations regarding the way they like to spend their money. As Tau noted, "[d]espite the fears of progressive activists in the post-Citizens United era, a new study finds that corporations are still very hesitant to embrace super PACs."
This should not stun anyone. Writing at FrumForum over three years ago, I more or less predicted that this would be the case, mostly because corporations, especially public corporations, have customers and shareholders from all different walks of life to worry about. The last thing they are interested in is being seen as a political symbol since politics is a 50-50 game and companies prefer to please all comers. An excerpt from what I wrote three years ago:
Does anyone really think that the CEO of a Fortune 500 is going to be stupid enough to fund campaign advertisements? Think about it logically. It's hard to imagine a more "Red" corporation than Wal-Mart. But consider the following facts: Each week, about 100 million Americans head to Wal-Mart to shop. A poll in 2004 found that 76% of voters that shop at Wal-Mart once a week voted for Bush. That's an astonishing margin. But that still means that 24% of Wal-Mart shoppers voted for someone else (23% said they voted for Kerry). If you do the math, if 100 million customers make it to Wal-Mart next week, 23 million might be liberals. If Wal-Mart runs an advertisement supporting a candidate or makes campaign contributions to a candidate, it runs the risk that the New York Times finds out about it, puts a story on the front page, and as a result, 23 million of their customers may take their business elsewhere. Not only that, if they contribute, and then lose, they have pissed off the other party unnecessarily. Tell me, what good does that do? [FrumForum]
There is plenty more evidence that pushes back against the theories that Citizens United has somehow turned our democracy into a sham. For instance, in a paper prepared for the 2012 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, professors Timothy Werner (McCombs Business School, UT Austin) and John J. Coleman (University of Wisconsin — Madison) found "minimal effects for the overall campaign finance regulatory regimes in general and corporate and union independent expenditures specifically on public policy outcomes. These findings suggest that critics' fears about the possible effects of Citizens United at the national level may be overstated."
That finding was more or less echoed by Matt Bai in his excellent New York Times Magazine cover story exploring the real impact of Citizens United on our elections. As Bai put it, "if you're trying to understand what's really going on with politics and money, the accepted narrative around Citizens United is, at best, overly simplistic. And in some respects, it's just plain wrong."
Money plays an outsized role in politics, and that is a problem. But overturning Citizens United will not solve those problems. Let's re-focus on arriving at solutions that actually address our problems.