Unless Congress acts soon, two things will definitely happen on Jan. 1, 2013: The Bush tax cuts — totaling about $536 billion — will expire, and $110 billion in automatic spending cuts, sometimes referred to as sequestration, will go into effect. Known as the fiscal cliff, this frightening combination of tax hikes and spending cuts would probably act like a cardiac arrest on the recovery and push the economy back into recession. President Obama will soon begin negotiating with Speaker John Boehner over how to prevent such a scenario, a sequel to the budget talks for a "grand bargain" that collapsed in 2011. On the campaign trail, Obama said any deal must allow the Bush tax cuts to expire for those earning more than $250,000, and Democrats say the president's re-election is evidence that the country agrees. Boehner, meanwhile, has suggested that Republicans are "willing to accept new revenue under the right conditions," though that doesn't necessarily mean big tax hikes on the rich. Which side has an advantage at the negotiating table?

Obama has the advantage. The voters have spoken: "The question of whether high-end tax increases should be part of the country's fiscal solution was absolutely central to the presidential race for months," says Greg Sargent at The Washington Post. Obama underscored his position at every campaign appearance, every debate, and at the Dems' convention. "It does seem awfully clear that a majority of voters, in re-electing Obama, chose an approach to our fiscal problems that includes a bit more sacrifice from the wealthy — and rejected the argument that raising taxes on the rich will hurt the economy."
"Dems have leverage in 'fiscal cliff' talks"

And Republicans have a lot to lose: The last time Boehner and Obama tried to reach a grand bargain, the issue was whether the U.S. should raise the debt ceiling or default, says Jonathan Cohn at The New Republic. "Republicans were so opposed to spending they considered inaction the lesser of two evils," and Obama, "as a sitting president about to seek re-election, knew he'd bear political responsibility for the resulting economic damage" if we defaulted. This time, the "Republicans probably feel they have more to lose." The cuts "affect a wide variety of programs, but they hit defense spending particularly hard," and allowing the Bush tax cuts to expire is simply anathema to conservatives.
"How the election reset the 'fiscal cliff' debate"

Actually, the Tea Party has the real leverage: "Boehner is the undisputed leader of the Republican Party," says Dana Milbank at The Washington Post. "Pity him." While Boehner's "new tone was starkly different" from the total opposition that Republicans showed to Obama in the past, his "talk of common ground is likely to enrage the no-compromise wing of his House Republicans, who live in fear of the Tea Party, Grover Norquist, the Club for Growth, and other enforcers of conservative orthodoxy." Tea Party leaders do not see Obama winning a mandate on taxes: They "have convinced themselves that Romney lost because he wasn't conservative enough." Squeezed between Obama and the Tea Party, Boehner may very well see conservatives as the greatest threat to his speakership.
"Republican leader Boehner may be ready to bargain"