Why a growing number of homeless people are being fined and jailed

Investigation finds more than 50 local authorities have PSPOs banning begging and loitering

Homeless UK
 A homeless man begging on the Strand, London
(Image credit: Jack Taylor/Getty Images)

An increasing number of homeless people are being fined and even sentenced to prison for begging and rough sleeping, according to a new report.

Despite updated Home Office guidance issued at the start of the year that said councils should not to target rough sleepers, an investigation by The Guardian found that more than 50 local authorities had public space protection orders (PSPOs) in place. Under the PSPOs, homeless people “are banned from town centres, fined hundreds of pounds and jailed if caught repeatedly asking for money in some cases”, says the newspaper.

The report says that local authorities in England and Wales have handed out hundreds of fixed-penalty notices and pursued criminal convictions for “begging”, “persistent and aggressive begging” and “loitering”, after being given strengthened powers to combat anti-social behaviour in 2014 by then-home secretary Theresa May.

Subscribe to The Week

Escape your echo chamber. Get the facts behind the news, plus analysis from multiple perspectives.


Sign up for The Week's Free Newsletters

From our morning news briefing to a weekly Good News Newsletter, get the best of The Week delivered directly to your inbox.

From our morning news briefing to a weekly Good News Newsletter, get the best of The Week delivered directly to your inbox.

Sign up

Rosie Brighouse, a lawyer for human rights advocacy group Liberty, said: “We warned from the start that PSPOs were far too broad and ripe for misuse by over-zealous councils wanting to sweep inconveniences off their streets. Now we see dozens of local authorities using them to target marginalised groups and fine people for being poor.”

Such cases reportedly include a man jailed for four months for breaching a criminal behaviour order (CBO) in Gloucester for begging. According to The Guardian, the judge in the case admitted: “I will be sending a man to prison for asking for food when he was hungry.”

A BuzzFeed report in December said that “outdated Victorian laws are also still heavily relied upon, with 1,461 people prosecuted for begging last year using the 1824 Vagrancy Act”.

Although this law “does not typically result in a prison sentence, unless in rare prosecutions of unpaid fines, a breach of a CBO can result in a sentence of up to five years in prison”, the news website said.

Among the most officious councils was Kettering Borough Council. The Northamptonshire town hailed what it believed to be “the most criminal behaviours orders issued at once on the back of convictions” for begging, after taking ten people to court for breaching PSPOs in May 2017.

“The PSPO is used to address antisocial behaviours in the town centre. During the course of their work, if our staff identify individuals in need of support, they refer people to the appropriate agencies for help. The council is very proactive in this regard,” it said in a statement.

Josie Appleton, director of the Manifesto Club campaign against hyper-regulation of everyday life, told The Guardian: “It’s a travesty that people who most need our help are being treated like they are scum... how do you treat the poor? The fact they are being seen as a messy thing is grotesque inhumanity and lots of places with these orders in place have faced huge public outcry to the orders.”

She added: “It’s this kind of very harsh officious mentality... it’s not to do with representing people but airbrushing things.”

May introduced PSPOs in 2014 to restrict how specific areas could be used. In December 2017, her successor, Amber Rudd, told councils not to misuse anti-social behaviour laws by targeting homeless people.

A Home Office spokesperson said: “We are clear that PSPOs should be used proportionately to tackle antisocial behaviour, and not to target specific groups or the most vulnerable in our communities.

“It is for local agencies to determine whether their use of the powers is appropriate, and that they are meeting the legal tests set out in the legislation. The Government is committed to tackling and reducing homelessness and to offer support to the most vulnerable in our society.”

Continue reading for free

We hope you're enjoying The Week's refreshingly open-minded journalism.

Subscribed to The Week? Register your account with the same email as your subscription.