Werner von Trapp and John P. Henebry

The singer whose family inspired The Sound of Music

Werner von Trapp was 7 years old when he lost his mother to scarlet fever, in 1922. Four years later, his father, Baron Georg von Trapp, hired a young exnun named Maria Kutschera as a tutor. The baron, a former U-boat commander in the Imperial Austrian Navy, was an avid musician who demanded that each of his seven children master a musical instrument and take singing lessons. Werner, a tenor and cellist, and his siblings often entertained family and friends with evenings of Viennese folk songs. Maria taught the children to sing madrigals. In 1927, Baron von Trapp proposed to Maria by asking her to become “the second mother” to his children. In her autobiography, Maria wrote that she had fallen in love with the children, but not with von Trapp. “God must have made him word it that way,” she said of his marriage proposal, “because if he had only asked me to marry him, I might not have said yes.” In the early 1930s, the family lost much of its wealth in the worldwide Depression, said the Los Angeles Times. Werner and his siblings began to sing professionally to earn money, and in 1936, the von Trapps won first place in the Salzburg Music Festival. But after the Nazis annexed Austria, the baron—who once declined a request that his family sing at Hitler’s birthday party—decided to flee Europe. In The Sound of Music, a largely fictionalized account of their experiences, the family is shown crossing the Alps on foot into Switzerland. In fact, they took a train to Italy, and then sailed to the United States. Soon after arriving in New York, they began a concert tour and became a sensation. The family also bought a rundown farm in Stowe, Vt., and established a music camp on the property. During World War II, Werner von Trapp enlisted as a volunteer in the U.S. Army and fought in Italy for the U.S. 10th Mountain Division, said the London Independent. In 1949, his stepmother, Maria, wrote her memoir about the family’s exploits and Paramount later took an option on the rights “as a possible vehicle for Audrey Hepburn.” But the book was instead turned into a Broadway musical starring Mary Martin as Maria. The screen version, starring Julie Andrews, for several years held the record “as the highest- grossing film ever made.” In the film, Werner was portrayed as the mischievous adolescent Kurt, played by Duane Chase. The von Trapp children “stopped formally performing concerts in 1957 as each sibling took up alternative vocations,” said the Chicago Tribune. Werner helped found a music school in Reading, Pa., then returned to Vermont with his wife, Erika, and six children to become a dairy farmer. After he retired in 1979, he devoted his time to weaving, making carpets from the wool of his own sheep.

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