How Bernie Sanders got his foreign policy groove back
Several months ago, the pundit class had a specific and compelling brief against Bernie Sanders: He was wobbly on foreign policy.
It wasn't that he had bad views per se — his vote against the Iraq War is reason enough to rate his judgment higher than Hillary Clinton — rather he was palpably unsure of himself. While he was fluent and confident on domestic policy, he sounded hesitant and poorly-briefed on foreign policy. It was doubly unfortunate as Clinton is far more hawkish than President Obama, leaving a missed opportunity for Sanders to present himself as the defender of Obama's (relatively) non-interventionist legacy.
Fast forward to today, and Sanders has developed a strong foreign policy vision that is actually quite a bit better than I had hoped. This is undoubtedly due to him and his campaign working to fix a weakness, but some credit should also go to the Clinton campaign for helping dredge up some of Sanders' old, good foreign policy views.
The new Sanders can been seen in an interview with MSNBC's Chris Hayes, where he articulates a reasonably comprehensive foreign policy approach. He favors continued action against ISIS, though only with the support of neighboring Muslim nations which have a lot at stake. He's correctly skeptical of Saudi Arabia, arguing their war in Yemen is a misplaced priority at best (true). In keeping with a general pro-diplomacy view, he supports the Iran deal, and while he's suspicious of the country he argues it could be a good foundation for future relations and a relaxation of tensions.
Perhaps best of all, he's not ludicrously biased towards Israel. He was the only major candidate from either party to decline the invitation to speak at the American Israel Public Affairs Committee conference — rather remarkable from the first major Jewish presidential contender, especially given that the crypto-fascist Donald Trump (who has energized anti-Semites across the country) did attend, and his speech was greeted with rapturous applause. Clinton, of course, gave an outlandishly hawkish speech, clearly trying to position herself to Trump's right.
But in a speech Sanders said he would have presented at AIPAC if they had let him present remotely, he affirmed Israel's right to exist, but repeatedly emphasized that the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza — particularly the ongoing expansion of settlements in the former — is unjust, harmful, and a threat to Israel:
Peace will mean ending what amounts to the occupation of Palestinian territory, establishing mutually agreed upon borders, and pulling back settlements in the West Bank, just as Israel did in Gaza — once considered an unthinkable move on Israel’s part. That is why I join much of the international community, including the U.S. State Department and European Union, in voicing my concern that Israel’s recent expropriation of an additional 579 acres of land in the West Bank undermines the peace process and, ultimately, Israeli security as well. [Bernie Sanders]
Very true. The rest of the speech considers the rest of the Middle East flash points in detail, arguing that American power is needed in spots but cannot be used to simply overthrow regimes willy-nilly. We can crush dictators easily, "but it is much more difficult to comprehend the day after that tyrant is removed from power and a political vacuum occurs." That right there has been the single biggest problem with U.S. foreign policy in the 21st century.
Even more impressive, Sanders has spoken frankly about disastrous, largely-forgotten military interventions in Iran, Chile, Guatemala, and Nicaragua that have since come back to haunt us. "I am not a great fan of regime changes," he said at a recent debate. Some of this may be inspired by the Clinton campaign, which attacked Sanders for his 1980s support of the left-wing Sandinista movement in Nicaragua, then fighting against the murderous right-wing Contra militias armed by Reagan. Sanders used to have quite a deep interest in foreign policy, and it turns out his old views were largely correct.
While it's not perfect by any means, taken together this approach puts him somewhat to the left of Obama on foreign policy, and far superior than any other candidate in the race. While Clinton has more experience, she has evinced no sign of having learned from the repeated failure of her preferred military interventions. Insofar as it's possible for the president of a worldwide military hegemon, Bernie Sanders is the candidate of peace and restraint.